Accident Prevention (IP no.4), The Use of Hoses and Hard-Arms at Marine Terminals, 2nd Edition (eBook)

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Published Date

October 1996

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Accident Prevention (IP no.4), The Use of Hoses and Hard-Arms at Marine Terminals, 2nd Edition (eBook)

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A review of accidents at liquefied gas jetties and terminals. Details safe cargo handling practices for liquefied gas cargoes by sea.


No. OF PAGES: 60

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Information Paper No.4. The basic data for this book, which was obtained from independent sources, was reviewed and extended by the SIGTTO membership. This process produced a book that reviews accidents at gas jetties and then describes safer handling practices.

1 Introduction

1.1 Preamble

1.2 Scope

2 Accident Summary

2.1 Findings

2.2 Suggested Procedures

3 The Hazards

4 Safe Berths, Mooring Systems & Operating Procedures

4.1 Ship Manoeuvres in Harbour Areas

4.2 Moorings and Ship Size Limits

4.3 Operations and Operational Procedures

5 Cargo Hose

5.1 Hose Specification

5.2 Hose Handling and Operation

5.3 Hose Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

5.4 Ship’s Hoses

5.5 Ship-to-Ship Transfer Operations

6 Hard-Arms (Loading Arms)

6.1 Hydraulic Analysis and Surge Pressures

6.2 Hard-Arm Specification

6.3 Hard-Arm Handling and Operation

6.4 Hard-Arm Maintenance

7 Emergency Shut-Down/Release

7.1 Small Terminals

7.2 Larger Terminals

7.3 Refrigerated Terminals

8 Pipelines

8.1 Surge Pressures

8.2 Pipeline Design and Maintenance

9 Analysis of Incidents

9.1 The Data-Base of Incidents

9.2 Frequency of Accidents or Near-miss Data

10 References


A-1 Known Accidents and Near-miss Data

A-2 Terminology and Descriptive Definitions

A-3 Recommendations for Terminals-Ship Break-out


The purpose of SIGTTO is to promote shipping and terminal operations for liquefied gases which are safe, environmentally responsible and reliable. To fulfil this mission it will:

  • Proactively develop best operating practices and guideline

  • Sustain a learning environment by sharing lessons learned

  • Promote training and development of all within the industry

  • Foster mutually beneficial relationships with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders

  • Conduct its business with professionalism and integrity

Title: Accident Prevention (IP no.4), The Use of Hoses and Hard-Arms at Marine Terminals, 2nd Edition (eBook)
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 60
Product Code: WS1090EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-257-9 (9781856092579), ISBN 10: 1-85609-257-7 (1856092577)
Published Date: October 1996

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