Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Sub-seabed Geological Formations under the London Protocol, 2016 Edition (K546E) (eBook)

Published Date

December 2016


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Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Sub-seabed Geological Formations under the London Protocol, 2016 Edition (K546E) (eBook)

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This publication provides an overview of amendments to the London Protocol and related guidance to ensure the safe and environmentally sound implementation of carbon capture and storage (CCS) in sub-seabed geological formations. It assists Contracting Parties to develop appropriate national mechanisms and guidance for proponents of CCS projects, allowing such projects to be evaluated before implementation and monitored in the future.

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In 2006, the Contracting Parties to the London Protocol took a number of ground-breaking steps to mitigate the impacts of increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and to ensure that new technologies with the potential to cause harm to the marine environment are effectively controlled and regulated. The London Protocol has, so far, been the most advanced international regulatory instrument addressing carbon capture and sequestration in sub-seabed geological formations. The amendments under the London Protocol created a legal basis in international environmental law to regulate carbon capture and storage in sub-seabed geological formations for permanent isolation. One consequence of including carbon capture and storage (CCS) under the London Protocol is that such activities are subject to the mandatory impact assessments and licensing arrangements contained in the instrument.

Foreword

Part 1 Introduction

Background and legal context of the London Protocol

CO2 capture and storage under the London Protocol

 

Part 2 Amendment to Annex 1 to the London Protocol

Introduction

Annex 1 – Wastes or other matter that may be considered for dumping

 

Part 3 Risk Assessment and Management Framework for CO2 Sequestration in Sub-seabed Geological Structures

Part 3.1 Introduction and Summary

Risk Assessment and Management Framework

Part 3.2 Problem formulation

Part 3.3 Site selection and characterization

Part 3.4 Exposure assessment

Part 3.5 Effects assessment

Part 3.6 Risk characterization

Part 3.7 Risk management

Part 3.8 Overall conclusions and implications

Part 3.9 Compatibility with Annex 2 of the London Protocol

Appendix 1 – Information for site selection and site characterization

Appendix 2 – Overview of information needs for risk management of injection sites for CS-SSGS

Appendix 3 – Glossary, acronyms and abbreviations

 

Part 4 Specific Guidelines for the assessment of carbon dioxide streams for disposal into sub-seabed geological formations

Part 4.1 Background

Amendment to Article 6 of the London Protocol

Part 4.2 2012 Specific guidelines for the assessment of carbon dioxide streams for disposal into sub-seabed geological formations

 

Part 5 Guidance on the implementation of article 6.2 on the export of CO2 streams for disposal in sub-seabed geological formations for the purpose of sequestration

Introduction

Application of the amendment

Content of agreements and arrangements

Confirmation and Allocation of Permitting Responsibilities (article 6.2.2.1)

Consistency with the provisions of the Protocol

Consistency with other applicable international law

Compliance with the Protocol and Annex 2

Exports to non-Contracting Parties (article 6.2.2.2)

Implementation of Annex 2 and the Specific Guidelines

Characterization of the Chemical and Physical Properties of the CO2 Stream

Disposal site selection and characterization

Potential effects

Monitoring and Mitigation

Permit and conditions

Conclusion

 

Part 6 Reporting of CCS under the London Protocol

Introduction

 

Part 7 Recommended literature and links

A​​s a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.  

In other words, its role is to create a level playing-field so that ship operators cannot address their financial issues by simply cutting corners and compromising on safety, security and environmental performance. This approach also encourages innovation and efficiency.

Shipping is a truly international industry, and it can only operate effectively if the regulations and standards are themselves agreed, adopted and implemented on an international basis. And IMO is the forum at which this process takes place.

Title: Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Sub-seabed Geological Formations under the London Protocol, 2016 Edition (K546E) (eBook)
Edition: 2016
Number of Pages: 96
Product Code: MM1426EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789280116557, ISBN 10: 928011655X
Published Date: December 2016
Author: IMO

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