Clean Seas Guide for Oil Tankers, 4th Edition (eBook)

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Published Date

August 1994


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Clean Seas Guide for Oil Tankers, 4th Edition (eBook)

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This publication describes the methods for retaining oil residues on board, to help ship staff comply with the oil discharge limits in MARPOL Annex 1. This book assists owners and operators of oil tankers, oil tanker crew, governments, port authorities, terminal operators, cargo shippers and cargo receivers.

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The clean seas programme was introduced by the shipping industry to restrict the oiperational discharge of oil in to the sea by the retention of oil residues onboard.

The Guide, which describes the procedures used to retain oil residues onboard, is intended to help shipboard personnel comply with the oil discharge limitations that are contained in Annex 1 of MARPOL. The 1973 MARPOL convention, as amended by its 1978 Protocol, is the international instrument controlling pollution from ships. Annex 1 of the convention, which contains regulations for the prevention of pollution by oil, came into effect in October 1983.

Effective retention of oil onboard (R.O.B.) requires a thorough understanding of the procedure and the techniques required.

OCIMF/ICS strongly recommend this guide.

1 Procedures - The Basic Method
1.1 Basic method assumptions
1.2 Sequence of procedures
1.3 Line draining and taking on dirty ballast
1.4 tank washing
1.5 Loading clean ballast
1.6 Settling of dirty ballast
1.7 Disposal of dirty ballast
1.8 Slop tank discharge
1.9 Final line and pump flush
1.10 Discharging clean ballast
1.11 Disposal of slop residues
1.12 handling sludge
1.13 Segregated ballast tankers
1.14 Dedicated clean ballast tankers
1.15 New Marpol Annex I regulations 13f and 13g - Prevention of pollution in event of collision or stranding
1.16 Crude Oil Washing

2 Operational Factors influencing basic method
2.1 Short haul voyages
2.2 Coastal voyages
2.3 Special areas
2.4 OBO and/or Ore/oil carriers
2.5 Preparations for repair ports
2.6 Reception facilities

3 Other factors influencing basic method
3.1 General
3.2 Insufficient slop tank capacity
3.3 Interconnected slop tanks
3.4 Eductors
3.5 Slop tank heating coils
3.6 Oil/water separators and filters
3.7 Oil discharge monitor and control system
3.8 Oil/water interface detectors
3.9 Crude Oil washing
3.10 Tank cleaning chemicals
3.11 Demulsifiers

4 Responsibilities

Annex I - Water effluent cleanliness requirements, the 30 litres per mile criterion, the 1/15,000 and 1/30,000 criteria, characteristics of effluents from oil retention operations

Annex II - Special Areas

OCIMF is widely recognised as the voice of the oil industry providing expertise in the safe and environmentally responsible transport and handling of hydrocarbons in ships and terminals and setting standards for continuous improvement. Membership is extensive and includes every oil major in the world along with the majority of National Oil Companies.

 

ICS membership comprises national shipowners' associations in Asia, Europe and the Americas whose member shipping companies operate over 80% of the world's merchant tonnage. Established in 1921, ICS is concerned with all technical, legal, employment affairs and policy issues that may affect international shipping.

ICS represents shipowners with the various intergovernmental regulatory bodies that impact on shipping, including the
International Maritime Organization. ICS also develops best practices and guidance, including a wide range of publications and free resources that are used by ship operators globally.

Title: Clean Seas Guide for Oil Tankers, 4th Edition (eBook)
Edition: Fourth
Number of Pages: 28
Product Code: WS1144EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-058-2 (9781856090582), ISBN 10: 1-85609-058-2 (1856090582)
Published Date: August 1994
Binding Format: Paperback

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