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July 1999

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A Contingency Planning and Crew Response Guide for Gas Carrier Damage at Sea and in Port Approaches, 3rd Edition

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A guide covering contingency planning relevant to liquefied gas carriers, including an overview of recommended gas carrier crew responses to ship damage conditions.

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This book was created by an Inter-Industry Working Group, including members of the ICS, OCIMF, SIGTTO and the International Salvage Union. It address aspects of contingency planning relevant to liquefied gas carriers and also provides the recommended crew responses to emergency situations that are causing damage to ships.


The purpose of this book is to provide information useful to the operating management of gas carriers as they develop contingency plans. These plans are in addition to the required Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP). It should be noted that the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers 1978, as amended in 1995 (STCW Convention), chapter IX of SOLAS and The International Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention, require ships, and in the case of ISM the operator’s office, to have contingency plans in place.


This guide is not a comprehensive manual on contingency planning, but addresses the points that are relevant to the circumstances and requirements of liquefied gas carriers.


This book is aimed primarily at ship operating managements and assumes that there is already an understanding of liquefied gas cargo characteristics and gas carrier design, construction and

operation. The successful handling of a ship casualty may require the cooperation of national or international authorities within their area of jurisdiction. Assistance will often also be required from other parties including salvors and the fire services, etc.


Contingency Planning

1. Immediate Action By The Ship

2. Casualty Teams and Control Centres

3. Casualty Control Communications

4. Buoyancy, Strength and Stability Calculations

5. Resources

6. Jettisoning

7. Protection of Shipboard Personnel

8. Co-operation with National and Port Authorities

9. Co-operation with salvors

10. Public Relations

Appendix I

Casualty Scenario Discussion

1. Collisions

2. Grounding

3. Liquefied Gas Cargo Fires

Appendix II

Crew Response to Gas Carrier Damage at Sea

1. General

2. Immediate Action/Considerations

3. Longer Term Actions

Appendix III

Specimen Contingency Plan Procedure Manual

1. Purpose

2. Assembly of Casualty Response Team

2.1 Initial Notification

2.2 Response Team Call Out

3. Facilities

4. Casualty Response Team Procedures

4.1 Initial Briefing

4.2 Advice to Company Officers

4.3 Advice to Associated Interests

4.4 Field Team

4.5 Assistance to Casualty

4.6 Families of Serving Personnel

4.7 Public Relations

Appendix IV


1. Cargo Characteristics Relevant to Jettisoning

2. The Effect of Ships Hull

3. The Windspeed and Direction Relative to the Ship and the Position of Discharge from the Ship

4. Hose or Nozzle Discharge and Degree of Vaporisation

Appendix V

The Drift and Rescue Towage of Disabled Gas Tankers

1. Background to Research

2. Gas Tanker Drift Behaviour

2.1 Computer Module Drift Predictions

2.2 The Coriolis Effect

2.3 Full Scale Gas Carrier Drifting Trials

2.4 Control of Drift by Rudder, Trim or use of Engines

Appendix VI


OCIMF is widely recognised as the voice of the oil industry providing expertise in the safe and environmentally responsible transport and handling of hydrocarbons in ships and terminals and setting standards for continuous improvement. Membership is extensive and includes every oil major in the world along with the majority of National Oil Companies.


ICS membership comprises national shipowners' associations in Asia, Europe and the Americas whose member shipping companies operate over 80% of the world's merchant tonnage. Established in 1921, ICS is concerned with all technical, legal, employment affairs and policy issues that may affect international shipping.

ICS represents shipowners with the various intergovernmental regulatory bodies that impact on shipping, including the
International Maritime Organization. ICS also develops best practices and guidance, including a wide range of publications and free resources that are used by ship operators globally.


The purpose of SIGTTO is to promote shipping and terminal operations for liquefied gases which are safe, environmentally responsible and reliable. To fulfil this mission it will:

  • Proactively develop best operating practices and guideline

  • Sustain a learning environment by sharing lessons learned

  • Promote training and development of all within the industry

  • Foster mutually beneficial relationships with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders

  • Conduct its business with professionalism and integrity

Title: A Contingency Planning and Crew Response Guide for Gas Carrier Damage at Sea and in Port Approaches, 3rd Edition
Edition: Third
Number of Pages: 44
Product Code: 4400W006
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-172-5 (9781856091725), ISBN 10: 1-85609-172-4 (1856091724)
Published Date: July 1999
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 300 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Book Spine: 3 mm
Weight: 0.40 kg

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