Enhanced Safety–LNG Offshore Loading Systems (eBook)

Published Date

January 2002

Enhanced Safety–LNG Offshore Loading Systems (eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This paper describes specialised proprietary loading arms in detail. (61pp)

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The Boom To Tanker (BTT) System that was used to load LNG at Brunei has been the only offshore system that operated successfully without missing a shipment for 23 years. Others systems installed and still operational are for side by side loading from a concrete FPSO for refrigerated LPG and for crude oil for over 20 years. FMC Technologies has acquired a considerable amount of offshore experience in loading systems and has continued to invest in the development of systems for both tandem and side by side applications.

For side by side applications, the field experience gained since 1963 with Chiksan LNG Marine Loading Arms in diameters up to 20" has been used in the design of the loading arms covered in this paper. For tandem loading, the Boom to Tanker (BTT) System that has now been developed, basin tested then, by a model test with full scale control system, is also covered in this paper. A lot of the same principles used and proven on the Brunei LNG BTT have been used for the LNG and NG piping with its ERS (Emergency Release System). The limits within which both systems will operate reliably are covered and so are the ESD systems that are derived from field experience from LNG terminals at exposed locations with no breakwater.

Paper Delivered by:
Chris Pashalis
Renaud Ledevehat
(both of FMC Technologies)

Prepared for:
Gastech Doha 2002

For over 45 years, the Gastech Exhibition & Conference has been at the forefront of the international gas and LNG market. This world-renowned event is regarded as the most significant meeting place for gas and LNG professionals, where the global industry gathers to do business.

Gastech hosts major IOCs, NOC’s, global utility companies, EPC contractors, shipbuilders, pipeline companies, manufacturers, distributors, technology and service providers, all who play an active role in the global energy value chain.

Title: Enhanced Safety–LNG Offshore Loading Systems (eBook)
Product Code: 4433g152
Published Date: January 2002

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