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Published Date

July 1999


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A Guide to Contingency Planning for the Gas Carrier Alongside and Within Port Limits, 2nd Edition

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This publication will assist port authorities to develop or review planning in order to minimise the risk of accidents at liquefied gas terminals. It will also help to control the consequences of an accident when a gas tanker is within port limits.

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This book is a reference guide for the port authority operating management of both liquefied gas terminals and carriers when developing or reviewing their planning. It is not a comprehensive manual or a contingency plan for all types of accidents, nor is it a code of practice. It restricts itself to areas that are relevant to the carriage and ship/shore handling of liquefied gases. Contingency planning for handling liquefied gases will vary from port to port, e.g. size and type of cargo, nautical and weather conditions, industrial and local authority or government resources. Details of planning and regulations for any port or terminal should be dealt with locally.

 

The book has been compiled by an Inter-Industry Group with assistance from members of the International Chamber of Shipping, Oil Companies International Marine Forum, and the Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators Ltd.

 

This revised edition takes account of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers 1978, amended in 1995 (STCW Convention), chapter IX of SOLAS, the International Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention and the ISM Code. The ship’s operator is responsible for ensuring that written procedures are in place and that the ship’s crew are able to work together in the event of an accident.

 

Liquefied gas marine transportation and cargo handling has an impressive safety record spanning more than four decades. To uphold this record, it is essential that safety in design and operational procedures is maintained and that appropriate contingency planning is implemented.

1. Introduction

2. Ship in Transit to and from Berth

2.1 Accident Prevention in Transit

2.1.1 Port Authority

2.1.2 Terminal Management

2.1.3 Ship Management

2.2 Accident Control in Transit

2.2.1 Port Authority

2.2.1.1 Emergency Control Centre

2.2.1.2 The Emergency Plans

2.2.2 Terminal Management

2.2.3 Ship Management

3. Ship Alongside

3.1 Accident Prevention Alongside

3.1.1 Port Authority

3.1.2 Terminal

3.1.3 Ship Management

3.2 Accident Control Alongside

3.2.1 Port Authority

3.2.2 Terminal Management

3.2.3 Ship Management

4. Public Relations

5. Periodic Review

Appendix 1 Characteristics of Liquefied Gas Cargoes and

Carriers, with Particular Reference to Damage

Resistance

1. Introduction

2. General Safety of Gas Carriers Operation

2.1 General

2.2 International Maritime Organisation Design and Construction Codes

3. Liquefied Gas Cargos

4. Gas Carrier Types

4.1 Fully Pressurised Ships

4.2 Refrigerated, Semi-Pressurised Ships

4.3 Fully Refrigerated Ships

4.4 LNG Carriers

5. Cargo Integrity in Collision or Grounding

5.1 General

5.2 Collision

5.3 Grounding

Appendix II Accident Scenarios

1. Ship in Transit

1.1 Collision with Another Ship

1.2 Grounding of Gas Carrier

1.3 Gas Carrier Striking Objects

1.4 Fire on Board Gas Carriers in Transit

2. Ship Alongside

2.1 Ship Alongside

2.2 Spillage Resulting from Inadvertent Disconnection

2.3 Spillage Resulting from Overfilling or Piping Failure

2.4 Fire on Board Gas Carrier Alongside

Appendix III Information on Liquefied Gas Firefighting and Spillage Control

1. General

2. Fire Extinguishing Agents

2.1 Dry Chemicals

2.2 Water

2.3 Foam

2.4 CO2 System

2.5 Halons (Halogenated Hydrocarbons) or Halons Substitutes

3. Procedures

3.1 Special Considerations

3.2 Training and Maintenance

3.2.1 Training

3.2.2 Maintenance

Appendix IV References

OCIMF is widely recognised as the voice of the oil industry providing expertise in the safe and environmentally responsible transport and handling of hydrocarbons in ships and terminals and setting standards for continuous improvement. Membership is extensive and includes every oil major in the world along with the majority of National Oil Companies.

 

ICS membership comprises national shipowners' associations in Asia, Europe and the Americas whose member shipping companies operate over 80% of the world's merchant tonnage. Established in 1921, ICS is concerned with all technical, legal, employment affairs and policy issues that may affect international shipping.

ICS represents shipowners with the various intergovernmental regulatory bodies that impact on shipping, including the
International Maritime Organization. ICS also develops best practices and guidance, including a wide range of publications and free resources that are used by ship operators globally.

 

The purpose of SIGTTO is to promote shipping and terminal operations for liquefied gases which are safe, environmentally responsible and reliable. To fulfil this mission it will:

  • Proactively develop best operating practices and guideline

  • Sustain a learning environment by sharing lessons learned

  • Promote training and development of all within the industry

  • Foster mutually beneficial relationships with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders

  • Conduct its business with professionalism and integrity

Title: A Guide to Contingency Planning for the Gas Carrier Alongside and Within Port Limits, 2nd Edition
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 34
Product Code: 4400W019
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-173-2 (9781856091732), ISBN 10: 1-85609-173-2 (1856091732)
Published Date: July 1999
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 300 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Weight: 0.30 kg

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