Most liquefied gases are hydrocarbons. The main property that makes hydrocarbons the world’s primary energy source, i.e. combustibility, also means that they are the most hazardous. As these products are handled in large quantities, it is important to minimise leakage and to control all sources of ignition.
Gas carriers are designed and constructed robustly, and the majority of hazards are minimised by strict compliance with the design requirements of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and other organisations. Gas carriers are regularly inspected to ensure that they meet IMO requirements.
This book has been produced to assist personnel on board liquefied gas carriers, warn of possible hazards and provide guidance on how risks might be effectively managed.
2. CARRIAGE OF LIQUEFIED GASES BY SEA
HOW ARE THEY CARRIED?
WHERE DO THE PRODUCTS COME FROM?
TYPES OF LIQUEFIED GAS CARRIERS
3. HAZARDS AND RISKS OF LIQUEFIED GAS CARGOES
CARGO HEALTH AND SAFETY INFORMATION
PRESENCE OF GAS
SOURCES OF IGNITION
6. ENCLOSED SPACES
7. BASIC FIREFIGHTING
8. POLLUTION PREVENTION
9. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
10. DEFINITIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS