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Published Date

September 2003


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LNG Operations in Port Areas: Essential Best Practices for the Industry

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This book collates the experiences of the SIGTTO membership to provide best practice for managing gas shipping operations in port. It contains useful profiles of the risks associated with gas operations and highlights the risks that are connected to gas operations for those who administer ports and provide essential services in port areas.

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Gas tanker and terminal operations carry a range of operational risks due to transporting, storing and transferring natural gas and petroleum gases. The risks involved are unique to liquefied gas operations and require specific measures to manage them.

 

Gas terminals are often situated within established ports. The port operations and the gas tankers that serve them share a common operational environment with other port users. Over the years, industry operators have gained valuable experience in gas operations that take place in a port environment that has other port users and other industrial activities.

 

The book draws on SIGTTO’s Information Paper 14 (Site Selection and Design for LNG Ports and Jetties). This paper clarifies the protective location for gas terminals and argues that major risk elements should be eliminated by locating gas operations in areas where they are not exposed to uncontrolled threats. Under this doctrine, operational risks are removed. The remaining risks are assessed and addressed by the implementation of procedures derived specifically from the risk assessment.

 

The guidance in this document acknowledges the dynamic nature of operating environments and the fact that risk profiles will change with time. As a result, residual risk exposures may also change and therefore a reassessment will be required.

 

Operators require both a systematic assessment of operating risk and a range of risk reduction methods that can be tailored to be effective in specific circumstances. This book aims to satisfy both these requirements.

INTRODUCTION

1. HAZARDS OF LNG OPERATIONS

1.1 SAFETY CRITICAL PROPERTIES OF LNG

1.2 CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS FOR LNG

1.3 RESISTANCE OF GAS TANKERS TO COLLISION AND GROUNDING IMPACTS

1.4 CHARACTERISTICS OF GAS RELEASES TO THE ATMOSPHERE

1.5 CONSEQUENCES OF INGRESS FROM THE SEA

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

2. RISK ASSESSMENT

2.1 QRA METHODOLOGY

2.2 SPECIAL AREAS FOR PERFORMING A QRA OF LNG PORT OPERATIONS

2.3 SUMMARY OF GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

3. MANAGING TANKER TRANSITS

3.1 ANCHORAGES

3.2 APPROACH CHANNELS

3.3 TURNING BASINS

3.4 OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF TANKER TRANSITS

3.5 SPECIAL DEFENCE PROCEDURES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

4. TERMINAL SITE SELECTION

4.1 ELEMENTARY CRITERIA

4.2 TERMINAL OPERATIONS (BASIS OF DESIGN)

4.3 PORT OPERATIONS (MANOEUVRES)

4.4 EXTERNAL THREATS (PROTECTIVE LOCATION)

4.5 PORT DEVELOPMENT

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

5. MANAGING GAS TRANSFER OPERATIONS

5.1 THE ELEMENTS OF INTERFACE SECURITY

5.2 EFFECTIVE MOORING

5.3 CARGO TRANSFER SYSTEMS (EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN – ESD)

5.4 JETTY OPERATIONS AND CONTROL

5.5 PROTECTION FROM EXTERNAL THREATS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

6. MANAGING RELATIONS WITH PORT AUTHORITIES AND OTHER STAKEHOLDERS

6.1 CONTINGENCY PLANNING

6.2 LOCAL PARTNERSHIPS

6.3 APELL

6.4 MANAGING THE LNG RISK – “SUCCESSFUL” TO “SIGNIFICANT”

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Title: LNG Operations in Port Areas: Essential Best Practices for the Industry
Number of Volumes: 1
Number of Pages: 34
Product Code: 4400W040
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-256-2 (9781856092562), ISBN 10: 1-85609-256-9 (1856092569)
Published Date: September 2003
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 230 mm
Weight: 0.20 kg
Author: SIGTTO

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