Manual on Chemical Pollution - Section 1: Problem Assessment and Response Arrangements, 1999 Edition (KA630E) (eBook)

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Published Date

January 1999


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Manual on Chemical Pollution - Section 1: Problem Assessment and Response Arrangements, 1999 Edition (KA630E) (eBook)

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This publication provides guidance on ways of assessing hazards associated with spillages of hazardous and noxious substances and of setting up response organizations. Further, it describes safe operational practice in response.

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In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in the transport and storage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS). If allowed to escape, these materials can present a danger to a ship’s crew, the vessel, coastal populations and/or the environment. Accordingly, public concern over these materials has grown, and both Governments and industry have taken steps to address and respond to such incidents.

Marine spills involving HNS are not as frequent as oil spills, and may receive little publicity due to their less visible nature. However, on a global basis, marine spills involving HNS are not rare. In fact, a worldwide survey of marine HNS emergencies showed that:

  • there is a wide range of cargoes which need to be considered as potential threats;

  • most accidents involved mainly two classes of HNS: flammable liquids and corrosive materials;

  • one to two major HNS accidents can be expected each year;

  • a wide variety of ship types were associated with HNS accidents; and

  • HNS accidents were almost equally divided between ‘‘bulk’’ and ‘‘packaged goods’’ shipments.

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Regulatory framework for the carriage of HNS at sea

2.1 General remarks

2.2 Principle conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO)

2.3 HNS in bulk

2.4 HNS in package form (dangerous goods)

2.5 Emergency precautions on board

2.6 Notification and reporting of accidents causing or likely to cause spilling of HNS

Annex 2-1 Example of a POLREP

Chapter 3 Hazards and fate of released HNS

3.1 General remarks

3.2 Cargo flows

3.3 Hazardous properties of HNS

3.4 Behaviour and fate of released HNS

Annex 3-1 Definitions of terms used to describe hazard characteristics

Annex 3-2 Example of a chemical compatibility chart

Annex 3-3 A classification flow chart

Chapter 4 Chemical emergency preparedness

4.1 General remarks on emergency response systems

4.2 Optimized response organization

4.3 Response support system (RSS)

Chapter 5 Response methods and techniques

5.1 General remarks

5.2 Systematic approach to emergency response

5.3 Response on board ships

5.4 Response options for spills at sea

5.5 Health and safety strategy

Annex 5-1 Maritime safety card

Annex 5-2 Levels of protection for pre – determined levels of hazards

Chapter 6 Case histories

6.1 General remarks

6.2 Case history 1

6.3 Case history 2

6.4 Case history 3

6.5 Case history 4

6.6 Case history 5

6.7 Case history 6

6.8 Case history 7

6.9 Case history 8

6.10 Summary of measures

A​​s a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.  

In other words, its role is to create a level playing-field so that ship operators cannot address their financial issues by simply cutting corners and compromising on safety, security and environmental performance. This approach also encourages innovation and efficiency.

Shipping is a truly international industry, and it can only operate effectively if the regulations and standards are themselves agreed, adopted and implemented on an international basis. And IMO is the forum at which this process takes place.

Title: Manual on Chemical Pollution - Section 1: Problem Assessment and Response Arrangements, 1999 Edition (KA630E) (eBook)
Number of Pages: 112
Product Code: MM1297EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789280160963, ISBN 10: 9280160966
Published Date: January 1999
Author: IMO

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