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January 1995

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Manual on Oil Pollution - Section II: Contingency Planning, 1995 (IA560E)

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This manual addresses oil pollution problems rather than safety measures. It provides guidance to Governments, particularly those of developing countries, and for those persons directly associated with the sea transportation and transfer of oil, on ways and means of establishing a response organization and preparing contingency plans.

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The 1995 edition of section II supersedes the 1988 edition. It provides guidance to governments, particularly those of developing countries, on ways and means of establishing a response organization and preparing contingency plans. The new edition takes into account the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), 1990, and other new developments in oil pollution emergency preparedness and response.


Chapter 1, which deals with response, introduces the new organizational concept of a tiered response, according to the severity of the spill. Subsequent chapters mirror the escalation of activity, beginning with guidance on local contingency plans (chapter 2) and continuing with national response (chapter 3) and international agreements designed to cover operational aspects of the rare, catastrophic spill (chapter 4). Finally, chapter 5 provides specific guidance on intervention and cost recovery from spills arising from shipping accidents.

Chapter 1 General response planning considerations

1.1 Designation of authority responsible for development and operation of a plan

1.2 Response organization

1.3 Identification of areas of high spill risk

1.4 Fate of oil

1.5 Probable oil spill movement based on local wind and current

1.6 Coastal sensitivity mapping

1.7 Priorities for protection

1.8 Oil spill response policy

1.9 Organization for response

Chapter 2 Facility, seaport, local and area oil pollution emergency plans

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Scope and geographic area

2.3 Duties and responsibilities

2.4 Methods for increasing response effort and requesting further assistance

2.5 Training and exercises

Chapter 3 National systems for preparedness and response

3.1 Background

3.2 Purpose and objectives

3.3 Scope and content of the plan

3.4 Definitions

3.5 Support from other agencies

3.6 Reporting systems

3.7 Alerting systems

3.8 Spill assessment

3.9 Salvage and cargo removal considerations

3.10 Spill surveillance

3.11 Response decisions

3.12 Clean-up operations

3.13 Communications

3.14 Transport and disposal of recovered oil and oily debris

3.15 Restoration of affected areas and post-spill monitoring

3.16 Record keeping and preparation of claims

3.17 Public information

3.18 Training and exercises

3.19 Plan revision

Chapter 4 International agreements for preparedness, response and co-operation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Scope of co-operation between participating governments

4.3 Definition of geographical area(s) and division of responsibility

4.4 Reporting, alerting and communications

4.5 Logistics, administration and funding

4.6 Review and update of an international contingency plan

Chapter 5 Intervention and cost recovery

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Intervention on the high seas

5.3 Intervention in national waters

5.4 Intergovernmental regimes for compensation for oil pollution damage

5.5 Identification of the polluter

5.6 Preparation of claims

5.7 Oil pollution damage not covered by the intergovernmental compensation regimes

5.8 The role of the P and I clubs with regard to marine casualties


Appendix 1 Issues to be considered when developing local oil pollution emergency plans

Appendix 2 Oil pollution emergency plans for offshore units, seaports and oil handling facilities

Appendix 3 Outline of a national oil pollution emergency plan

Appendix 4 Suggested outline for an international oil pollution emergency plan

Appendix 5 Pollution reporting systems (POLREPs)

Appendix 6 Guidelines for identifying response resources

A​​s a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.  

In other words, its role is to create a level playing-field so that ship operators cannot address their financial issues by simply cutting corners and compromising on safety, security and environmental performance. This approach also encourages innovation and efficiency.

Shipping is a truly international industry, and it can only operate effectively if the regulations and standards are themselves agreed, adopted and implemented on an international basis. And IMO is the forum at which this process takes place.

Title: Manual on Oil Pollution - Section II: Contingency Planning, 1995 (IA560E)
Number of Pages: 65
Product Code: 4410M040
ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789280113303, ISBN 10: 9280113305
Published Date: January 1995
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 210 mm
Book Width: 150 mm
Weight: 0.19 kg
Author: IMO

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