Operational Guidelines on Sunken and Submerged Oil Assessment and Removal Techniques, 2016 Edition (K583E) (eBook)

Published Date

January 2017


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Operational Guidelines on Sunken and Submerged Oil Assessment and Removal Techniques, 2016 Edition (K583E) (eBook)

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This publication provides practical guidance for assessing and responding to incidents involving sunken oil. Their scope is confined to sunken and submerged oil and does not include oil on sunken wrecks. The Guidelines also include references to other information sources.

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The guidelines provide practical information and guidance for locating, assessing and responding to incidents involving sunken or submerged oil, and include references to other relevant information sources, as significant new research and work is currently being undertaken on this important subject.

Foreword

 

Abbreviations and acronyms

 

Introduction

 

1 Definition of sunken and submerged oils

2 Types of sunken and submerged oils

2.1 Slurry oils/Carbon black feedstock

2.2 Heavy Fuel and Crude Oils

2.3 Bunker IFOs (Intermediate Fuel Oils)

2.4 Residual Fuel Oil (RFO)

2.5 Heavy crude oils

2.6 Synthetic fuels

3 Behaviour of sunken and submerged oils

3.1 Evaporative loss

3.2 Water-in-oil emulsification

3.3 Sediment interaction

3.4 Burnt oil residue sinking

4 Detection and mapping of sunken and submerged oil

4.1 Summary of submerged oil monitoring methodologies

4.2 Summary of sunken oil monitoring methodologies

4.3 Visual observation

4.4 Electro-acoustic methods

4.5 Fluorosensors

4.6 Mechanical methods

5 Containment of sunken and submerged oils

5.1 Submerged oil containment

5.2 Sunken oil containment

6 Recovery of sunken and submerged oils

6.1 Mechanical methods

6.2 Manual methods

6.3 Assessment of technologies actually employed

7 Summary of incidents involving sunken or submerged oil and response operations

7.1 Summary of incidents involving sunken or submerged oil

7.2 Summary of responses to submerged and sunken oil incidents

8 Research and development

8.1 Sediment interaction

8.2 Detection techniques under development

8.3 Recovery devices under development

 

References

A​​s a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.  

In other words, its role is to create a level playing-field so that ship operators cannot address their financial issues by simply cutting corners and compromising on safety, security and environmental performance. This approach also encourages innovation and efficiency.

Shipping is a truly international industry, and it can only operate effectively if the regulations and standards are themselves agreed, adopted and implemented on an international basis. And IMO is the forum at which this process takes place.

Title: Operational Guidelines on Sunken and Submerged Oil Assessment and Removal Techniques, 2016 Edition (K583E) (eBook)
Number of Pages: 90
Product Code: MM1424EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789280115895, ISBN 10: 9280115898
Published Date: January 2017
Author: IMO

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