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Published Date

September 1999


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A Risk Based Approach for the Evaluation of Firefighting Equipment on Liquefied Gas Jetties

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LPG operators have considerable experience in managing potentially hazardous materials. The risks vary from site to site depending on the quantity of LPG that is being handled and methods being used in the operations. However, there are no global guidelines on how to evaluate or prioritise risks, particularly in relation to jetty operations. This book describes a systematic risk management approach and is applied to two hypothetical installations, a town jetty and a remote jetty.

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The focus is on the risk to human life and loss of business arising from jetty operations. In particular, an evaluation is given of the typical firefighting equipment available and the efficiency of these systems in preventing fires and lessening their effects.

 

This book aims to provide operators with an understanding of the risks associated with jetty operations and it broadly explains how these risks will vary depending on the type of jetty. The book should be used for reference only and is not intended to act as a study of specific site issues.

 

It is not possible to provide definitive indications of acceptable risks as they vary from site to site, and instead the document provides the tools for each facility to assess its own position. Once the risks have been evaluated, the facility can then take steps to remove or minimise them. The purpose of this book is to allow operators to:

 

• understand how to assess and evaluate a site’s performance in relation to safety risk

• be aware of the key risk factors

• appreciate the firefighting controls that will be the most effective

• benefit from risk savings from firefighting measures.

 

This book is aimed at supporting LPG operators who have expertise in managing potentially hazardous materials, providing a systematic risk management approach.

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 OBJECTIVES

1.2 STRUCTURE OF GUIDE

2. QRA APPROACH

2.1 HAZARDS AND RISKS

2.2 SAFETY RISKS

2.3 BUSINESS RISKS

2.4 OUTLINE OF QRA

2.5 APPLICATION OF QRA

3. CASE STUDIES

3.1 DESCRIPTION OF TOWN JETTY

3.2 DESCRIPTION OF REMOTE JETTY

4. RISK ASSESSMENT

4.1 KEY STAGES

4.2 STEP 1 IDENTIFY HAZARDS

4.3 STEP 2 ASSESS LIKELIHOOD

4.4 STEP 3 EVALUATE SEVERITY

4.5 STEP 4 ASSESS ESCALATION

4.6 STEP 5 ASSESS RISK

4.7 STEP 6 RANKING RISKS

5. FIRE MITIGATION

5.1 EFFECT ON ESCALATION

5.2 EFFECT ON SAFETY RISKS

5.3 EFFECT ON BUSINESS RISKS

6. APPLYING THE RESULTS

6.1 USING THE GENERIC RESULTS

6.2 INTERPRETATION OF GENERIC RESULTS

6.3 COMPARING THE RESULTS TO A SPECIFIC SITE

6.4 SUMMARY

7. GLOSSARY OF TERMS

8. USEFUL REFERENCES

 

APPENDIX 1 RELEASE FREQUENCY DATA

APPENDIX 2 FIREFIGHTING SYSTEMS

APPENDIX 3 ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS

APPENDIX 4 A REVIEW OF NFAP GUIDELINES

Gas tanker and terminal operators are experienced in the management of hazardous materials. In the case of terminals handling LPG, operators must be aware of the flammable hazards they are managing in order to minimise the potential of human injury or loss of business. This study focuses on the safety and business risk aspects; that is the risk to human life and potential for business loss arising from fires at LPG jetties. In particular, focus is given to the effectiveness of firefighting mechanisms in reducing these risks.

The purpose of SIGTTO is to promote shipping and terminal operations for liquefied gases which are safe, environmentally responsible and reliable. To fulfil this mission it will:

  • Proactively develop best operating practices and guideline

  • Sustain a learning environment by sharing lessons learned

  • Promote training and development of all within the industry

  • Foster mutually beneficial relationships with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders

  • Conduct its business with professionalism and integrity

Title: A Risk Based Approach for the Evaluation of Firefighting Equipment on Liquefied Gas Jetties
Number of Pages: 70
Product Code: 4400W057
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-184-8 (9781856091848), ISBN 10: 1-85609-184-8 (1856091848)
Published Date: September 1999
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 230 mm
Book Width: 300 mm
Book Spine: 5 mm
Weight: 0.40 kg
Author: SIGTTO

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