Safety Designs and Simulations for LNG Receiving Terminals (eBook)

Published Date

January 1998

Safety Designs and Simulations for LNG Receiving Terminals (eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This paper describes the use of the simulation and design tools that are available to designers of LNG facilities. (14pp)

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In contrast to baseload LNG liquefaction facilities and export terminals, LNG import terminals and regasification facilities are typically located:
• in a busier harbor,
• on more expensive land,
• closer to unrelated industrial facilities, and
• closer to population centers.

These differences can influence the way in which certain inevitable trade-offs between safety and economics are handled at LNG import facilities. The trade-offs between cost and safety at a receiving terminal are not necessarily the same as they are at a baseload liquefaction, storage and export facility.

During the site selection process, a great deal of site-specific data is gathered. These data will be used, during the preliminary design phase of the project, as input to models, simulations, equations, or algorithms that either result in design criteria (such as models that predict earthquake criteria) or affect the design directly (such as wind and snow loads on a tank). Site-specific data can affect the design of onshore facilities and marine facilities.

This paper focuses on simulation and design tools that are available to designers of LNG facilities, and how those tools can be applied to the design of an LNG import facility in order to arrive at a design that produces a cost-effective piece of the LNG chain while providing an acceptable level of safety. The following issues are discussed in some detail and various simulations are suggested for addressing safety-related issues: the harbor area, breakwater and docking considerations; effects of earthquake on storage tank and facilities design; and types of LNG storage tank. Examples and detailed discussions are presented regarding impounding requirements and effects of tank spacing on fire protection facilities. These examples demonstrate the use of a specific model, such as fire radiation, and illustrate how it can affect decisions regarding the location of LNG storage tanks, etc.

Paper Delivered by:
Frank W Richardson
Chen-Hwa Chiu
William E Martinsen

Prepared for:
Gastech Dubai 1998

For over 45 years, the Gastech Exhibition & Conference has been at the forefront of the international gas and LNG market. This world-renowned event is regarded as the most significant meeting place for gas and LNG professionals, where the global industry gathers to do business.

Gastech hosts major IOCs, NOC’s, global utility companies, EPC contractors, shipbuilders, pipeline companies, manufacturers, distributors, technology and service providers, all who play an active role in the global energy value chain.

Title: Safety Designs and Simulations for LNG Receiving Terminals (eBook)
Product Code: 4433g141
Published Date: January 1998

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