Site Selection and Design for LNG Ports and Jetties (IP no. 14)

Published Date

February 1997

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Site Selection and Design for LNG Ports and Jetties (IP no. 14)

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This book is aimed at port developers as a guide to the minimum design criteria required when a port is built or altered in order to accommodate LNG carriers.

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This publication addresses safety issues for LNG ports. It focuses on eliminating spillages at both the ship/shore interface and navigational approach channels. It looks at issues that can be resolved while the port is being designed, which is of benefit to harbour planners and port authorities. The book outlines the way forward for site selection of LNG terminals, establishes a basis for safe jetty design and considers the safety factors in the port approach. It also looks at the existing industry guidelines that cover cargo operations at the ship/shore interface. It is suggested that LNG’s excellent safety record owes a great deal to the existing standards being adopted. As the industry becomes more widespread, continuing success will depend not only on better acceptance of the existing standards but also on future improvements. Some of the newer aspects are described and a check list can be found in the appendix.


It is important that LNG projects maintain their excellent safety record. An incident in one port could have a serious effect on another port, resulting in constraints on new projects elsewhere. These concerns and the perceived dangers during public inquiries into LNG transport, present a strong case for continuing a high level of safety.


On ships, the good safety record for LNG operations is based on the excellent standard of management, high quality crews, and structural robustness of ships’ hulls and back-up control systems. On shore, well managed terminals are important. At the plants, the focus is on the national agencies, port authorities and terminal managers to ensure that safety in operations is maintained.


This book proposes that the recommendations outlined in Chapter 12 are adopted. However, criteria such as for channel width are not absolute values, they are guidelines to prompt an enquiry into specific aspects.

1 Summary

2 Principal Recommendations

2.1 Port Design

2.2 The Jetty

3 Acknowledgments

4 Introduction

5 Development of LNG Standards

6 Site Selection

6.1 General

6.2 Jetty Location

7 Design Criteria for Jetties

7.1 Root Criteria for Hazardous Liquid Cargoes

7.2 Specific Criteria for LNG

8 Risk Management in the Port Approach

8.1 Port Controls

9 The Human Element

10 Grounding and Collision Risk

10.1 Hull Damage - a Historical Review

10.2 Risk of Structural Damage to LNG Carriers

10.3 Examples

11 References



The purpose of SIGTTO is to promote shipping and terminal operations for liquefied gases which are safe, environmentally responsible and reliable. To fulfil this mission it will:

  • Proactively develop best operating practices and guideline

  • Sustain a learning environment by sharing lessons learned

  • Promote training and development of all within the industry

  • Foster mutually beneficial relationships with regulatory authorities and other stakeholders

  • Conduct its business with professionalism and integrity

Title: Site Selection and Design for LNG Ports and Jetties (IP no. 14)
Number of Pages: 25
Product Code: 4400W095
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-129-9 (9781856091299), ISBN 10: 1-85609-129-5 (1856091295)
Published Date: February 1997
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 300 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Weight: 0.20 kg
Author: SIGTTO

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