The ECDIS Manual (eBook)

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Published Date

March 2016


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The ECDIS Manual (eBook)

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This reformatted edition of The ECDIS Manual (2012) has been written in conjunction with leading ECDIS experts and manufacturers to share best practice and ensure an efficient and safe transition to digital navigation for vessels, in accordance with IMO, IHO, Flag State, PSC, ISM, SMS and SIRE requirements.

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Understanding ECDIS and selecting the right ECDIS solution is vital for ensuring the safe and precise navigation of a vessel on track, and on time. The ECDIS Manual, written by ECDIS navigators for ECDIS navigators, draws on the knowledge of leading ECDIS experts and manufacturers, as well as classification societies and NGOs, to support a vessel’s transition to digital navigation in accordance with IMO, IHO, Flag State, PSC, ISM, SMS and SIRE requirements.

 

The book outlines the history and development of digital navigation, as well as providing detailed explanations of electronic charts and operating systems, supplemented by over 500 helpful screenshots and colour images to guide readers every step of the way. Also included is a CD-ROM containing an ENC Chart Symbol Guide and reference documents concerning ECDIS issued by the IMO and flag States.

Introduction

Acknowledgements

ECDIS Abbreviations and Useful Info

IHO Standards

Photo Acknowledgements

1 History of the Electronic Chart

1.1 An International Agreement

1.1.1 Early Solutions to Comparing Radar and Charts

1.1.2 From Navigation Aids to Navigation Systems to Bridge Systems

1.1.3 Types of Electronic Position-Finding Equipment

1.1.4 Integrated Bridge Projects and Bridge Mechanisation

1.1.5 Inventing Electronic Charts: The First Generation

1.1.6 Creating Official International Standards

1.1.7 UKHO ARCS (Admiralty Raster Chart Service) – A Direct Descendent of Paper-Based Cartography

1.1.8 Why didn’t Marine Electronic Charts Follow the Aviation Model?

1.1.9 Third Generation Vector Charts 1995-2010

1.1.10 Commercial Electronic Charts for the Leisure Market 2005-2010

1.1.11 Fourth Generation Electronic Charts with Passage Planning Tools 2010

1.2 Third ECDIS Conference

2 Regulatory Bodies

2.1 The IHO/IHB

2.2 International Maritime Organization (IMO)

2.2.1 Resolutions

3 Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention

3.1 Implementation Plan

3.2 Timeline

4 Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Convention

4.1 Before 2012

4.2 2012 Onwards

5 International Safety Management (ISM) Code

5.1 Type-Specific Training

5.2 Safety Management System

6 Port State Control (PSC)

6.1 Paris MoU

6.2 Implications

7 Flag States

7.1 Training

7.2 Standards

7.3 Requirement

7.4 Flag State Guidance

8 Private Vessels

9 The Electronic Chart

9.1 Types of Electronic Chart Data

9.1.1 Hydrographic Office Approved Electronic Charts

9.1.2 Formats

9.1.3 Use of Data

9.1.4 Unofficial or Private Data

9.1.5 Official Data – Nautical Charts

9.2 Creation of Electronic Chart Data

9.2.1 Rendering

9.3 Datums

9.3.1 Horizontal Datum

9.3.2 Vertical Datum

9.4 Encryption and Permits/Licences

9.4.1 Encryption

9.4.2 Permits/Licences

9.5 Raster Charts

9.5.1 Definitions

9.5.2 Characteristics

9.5.2.1 Pixilation and Scale

9.5.2.2 Borders

9.5.3 Raster Navigational Charts (RNCs) – Official Government Raster Charts

9.5.4 Unofficial (Private) Raster Charts

9.6 Vector Charts

9.6.1 Definitions

9.6.2 Characteristics

9.6.3 Official Government Vector Charts – Electronic Navigational Charts (ENCs)

9.6.3.1 IHO Standards

9.6.3.2 System Electronic Navigational Chart (SENC)

9.6.3.3 Presentation Independent Data

9.6.3.4 Presentation Library

9.6.3.5 Interrogation

9.6.3.6 Scale

9.6.4 Display Settings

9.6.5 Construction

9.6.6 Distribution

9.6.7 Datums

9.6.8 Source Data

9.6.9 World Coverage

9.6.10 Digital Chart Catalogues

9.6.11 Unofficial (Private) Vector Charts

9.6.11.1 Appearance

9.6.11.2 Data Manipulation

9.6.11.3 Data Concerns

9.6.11.4 Naming and Coverage

9.7 Data Management

9.7.1 Responsibility

9.7.2 RCDS Management

9.7.3 ENC Data Authorities

10 The Operating System

10.1 International Regulations

10.1.1 SOLAS

10.1.2 IHO

10.2 ECDIS Performance Standards

10.2.1 Type Approval

10.2.2 MSC 232(82) ECDIS Performance Standards (extracts)

10.3 ECDIS Operation

10.3.1 System Control

10.3.1.1 Turning On/Off

10.3.1.2 Controls

10.3.1.3 Menu Systems

10.3.1.4 Side Panels

10.3.1.5 Screen Displays

10.3.1.6 System Units

10.3.2 Data Management

10.3.2.1 Dual/Multi Fuel

10.3.2.2 Installing and Updating

10.3.2.3 Loading/Selecting

10.3.2.4 Unloading/Removing

10.3.3 Data Display

10.3.3.1 Symbols

10.3.3.2 Colour Palettes

10.3.3.3 Display Feature Sets

10.3.3.4 Interrogation

10.3.4 Route Planning

10.3.4.1 Port Locator

10.3.4.2 Notes, Surveys and Datums

10.3.4.3 Chartpoints

10.3.4.4 Defining Safe Water

10.3.4.5 Creating a Route

10.3.4.6 Saving Work

10.3.4.7 Route Scanning

10.3.4.8 Adding Notes and Objects

10.3.4.9 Alternative Route

10.3.5 Route Monitoring

10.3.5.1 Safety/Chart Settings

10.3.5.2 Position Monitoring

10.3.5.3 Main Screen

10.3.5.4 Look Ahead/Position Offset

10.3.5.5 Split Screen

10.3.6 Positional Checking

10.3.7 Radar Information Overlay (RIO)

10.3.8 Fixing

10.3.9 Secondary Position Monitoring

10.3.10 Anti-grounding Cone

10.3.11 General Options

10.3.12 Alarms and Indications

10.3.12.1 Definitions

10.3.12.2 ENCs

10.3.12.3 RNCs

10.4 Route Management

10.4.1 Pilotage

10.4.2 SAR/MOB

10.4.3 Voyage Recording/Playback

10.4.4 Electronic Logbooks

10.4.5 Sensors

10.4.5.1 Calibration and Antenna Offsets

10.4.5.2 GNSS

10.4.5.3 Gyro

10.4.5.4 Log

10.4.5.5 Echo Sounders

10.4.5.6 Radar

10.4.5.7 AIS

10.4.5.8 Tidal Information

10.4.6 Automatic Track Control

10.4.7 ECDIS Failure

10.4.7.1 Backup System

10.4.7.2 Blackout or Total Electrical Failure

10.4.7.3 Reversion to Paper Charts

10.5 ECDIS Interpretation

10.5.1 Passage Planning

10.5.1.1 Appraisal – Gathering the information

10.5.1.2 Planning – Creation of the plan

10.5.1.3 Execution – Interpretation

10.5.1.4 Monitoring – Checking

10.5.2 Human/Machine Interface

10.5.2.1 The Human Factor

10.5.2.2 Alarm Management

10.5.2.3 Situational Awareness

10.5.3 ECDIS Understanding

10.5.3.1 Scale

10.5.3.2 Source

10.5.3.3 Environmental Effects

10.5.3.4 Datums

10.5.3.5 ECDIS and ECS Manufacturers

11 ECDIS Related Incidents

11.1 Case Studies

11.1.1 2001 ‘MV Choice’

11.1.2 2006 ‘Skagern’ and ‘Samskip Courier’

11.1.3 2006 ‘MV Thunder’

11.1.4 2006 ‘Octopus’ and ‘Harald’

11.1.5 2007 ‘Sea Express 1’ and ‘Alaska Rainbow’

11.1.6 2007 ‘Ursine’ and ‘Pride of Bruges’

11.1.7 2008 ‘Pride of Canterbury’

11.1.8 2008 ‘CFL Performer’

11.1.9 2009 ‘Antari’

11.1.10 2009 ‘Maersk Kendal’

11.2 US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

11.2.1 1995 ‘Royal Majesty’

11.2.2 2007 ‘Empress of the North’

11.2.3 2007 ‘Axel Spirit’

11.2.4 2007 ‘Cosco Busan’

11.3 ECDIS Incident Investigation Check Off List

12 Paperless Navigation in Practice – A Case Study

12.1 Considerations

12.2 General Operations

12.3 Why Paperless?

12.4 What to Consider/Preparation

12.5 Benefits

12.6 Weakness

12.7 Conclusion

Appendix 1 Presentation by Robert Ward, Director IHO, at the international ECDIS conference, 2009

Appendix 2 SOLAS V 1974 as amended MSC282(86)

Appendix 3 STCW Manila Amendment extracts

Appendix 4 IHO S-66, ECDIS Training

Title: The ECDIS Manual (eBook)
Subtitle: Reformatted 1st Edition
Product Code: WS1502EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-507-5 (9781856095075), ISBN 10: 1-85609-507-X (185609507X)
Published Date: March 2016
Author: ECDIS LTD

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