A Review of Practices and Regulations in The LNG Shipping Industry(eBook)

Published Date

January 1996

A Review of Practices and Regulations in The LNG Shipping Industry(eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This paper examines some of the safety features and characteristics of LNG ships imposed by regulatory requirements and questions if they are the most cost effective (7pp)

Be the first to review this product

This paper examines some of the features and characteristics of LNG ships together with the regulatory requirements with respect to whether or not they are cost effective in terms of maintaining operational performance and flexibility as well as the high standards of safety associated with this type of vessel. The discussion applicable to ships designed for cargoes other than LNG. Many of the safety features of LNG ships are required by internationally accepted regulations and have become sacrosanct since the first cargo was transported in the METHANE PIONEER in 1959. However, if a system is installed on every ship over a long period of time in response to a perceived risk, but in actual practice is never used, perhaps the risk should be reevaluated and compared to that of other hazards which are known to exist. Safety features and systems must be purchased, installed and maintained out of budgets which are always under tight control. Maintaining a system which is never used must diminish the funds and man-hours available to maintain other systems more directly related to the operation of the ship, and can therefore have the effect of diminishing the overall safety of the ship. Operating personnel must be trained to operate and maintain all systems, whether or not they are ever used. It may well produce a higher level of safety, ie a lower probability of serious accident, to give a deck officer extra bridge procedure and ship handling training than to teach him to fight a type of fire that has a very low probability of ever occurring. It is important to remember that all installed equipment demands a share of the limited time of supervisory and day working personnel which is available. The installation of monitoring and control instrumentation has increased in recent years due to the availability of reasonably priced computerized programmable systems and the desire to reduce the size of the crew. The value of such systems must be measured in terms of personnel man-hours, operational efficiency and reliability and contribution to the overall safety of the vessel.

Paper delivered by:
Edmund G Tornay (Energy Transportation Corp, USA)

Prepared for:
Gastech Vienna 1996

For over 45 years, the Gastech Exhibition & Conference has been at the forefront of the international gas and LNG market. This world-renowned event is regarded as the most significant meeting place for gas and LNG professionals, where the global industry gathers to do business.

Gastech hosts major IOCs, NOC’s, global utility companies, EPC contractors, shipbuilders, pipeline companies, manufacturers, distributors, technology and service providers, all who play an active role in the global energy value chain.

Title: A Review of Practices and Regulations in The LNG Shipping Industry(eBook)
Product Code: 4433g022
Published Date: January 1996

Bought this product? Why not review it?

If you have a question about this product, please contact us directly.

Windows eBooks:


To access the eBook, you need to install our free Windows eBook Reader.

The application can be downloaded from:



Standalone eBooks are supplied with 1 licence + 1 backup and are not transferable between platforms.


Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) and virtual environments are not supported.


The Windows eBook Reader works with Windows XP or later OS (but not Windows RT).

See more details.


Cloud (online) eBooks:


The Cloud (online) eBooks use Microsoft Silverlight browser plugin to deliver the best possible reading experience with the ability to work in offline mode.


It is an annual subscription service (i.e. each eBook is purchased for 1 year of use).

Online licences are not transferrable to Windows or iPad (or vice-versa).


Silverlight is compatible with the major web browsers used on Windows and Mac OS X operating systems.

However it is not supported on Linux, Android, Windows RT and iPad devices and therefore the Cloud eBooks use an HTML site in these instances.

The HTML site is more restricted than the Silverlight version.


See https://www.microsoft.com/silverlight/what-is-silverlight and more details.


Note for Mac Users:


Mac users can read Windows eBooks with Boot Camp or using virtual machines such as Parallels Desktop, Virtual Box, ...

Alternatively, Cloud (online) eBooks are accessible on Mac, including the Silverlight plugin with offline mode.


Note for Linux Users:


Linux users can read Windows eBooks using a virtual PC.

Alternatively, the HTML version of the Cloud (online) eBooks is accessible.


Note for Tablet Users:


Tablets owners can use the HTML version of the Cloud (online) eBooks.