Ballast Water Management, Understanding the regulations and the treatment technologies available, 11th Edition.  (eBook)

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Ballast Water Management, Understanding the regulations and the treatment technologies available, 11th Edition. (eBook)

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This 11th edition sets out the current national and international ballast water legislation and provides practical information on compliance. Since 28th October 2020, only BWMS with revised 2016 G8/BWMS Code Type Approval are permitted to be installed on ships. A key feature of this new edition is a set of data sheets setting out BWMS that meet these revised standards. These data sheets present system design limitations, which are practical aids to ship owners when evaluating and selecting a BWMS.

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This publication provides up to date information on the regulations and equipment options available, and will assist ship owners with transition to full compliance with the Ballast Water Management Convention. It provides detailed information on the various treatment technologies, including physical separation; thermal, ultraviolet and plasma technologies; deoxygenation, magnetic and ultrasonic/cavitation technologies. Guidance is given on the onboard requirements relating to ballast water management, including the Ballast Water Record Book, Port State Control, and ballast water sampling and monitoring. The Appendices identify key invasive species and contain updated charts illustrating current native and invasive ranges, and areas potentially at risk.

PART ONE – Introduction and Background

CHAPTER ONE – The Issue in Recent Years
1.1 Ballast Water
1.2 The Timeline for Legislation


CHAPTER TWO – The Ship as a Carrier
2.1 Aquatic Species
2.2 Pathogens
2.3 Age of Ballast Water
2.4 Ballast Tank Configuration
2.5 Biofouling

PART TWO – Risk Management – Ballast Water Exchange is the First Measure

CHAPTER THREE – Ballast Water Exchange (BWE)
3.1 BWE Operational Considerations
3.2 Sequential BW Exchange Method
3.3 Flow-through BW Exchange Method
3.4 Ship Design and Ballasting
3.5 BWM Options Summary
3.6 Ballast Operations Checklists

PART THREE – Regulations

CHAPTER FOUR – BWM Legislation Timeline


CHAPTER FIVE – IMO Guidance Documents on Ballasting


CHAPTER SIX – IMO Legislation
6.1 Legislation from the International Maritime Organization




CHAPTER EIGHT – United States Legislation
8.1 The Vessel Incidental Discharge Act (VIDA)
8.2 Environmental Protection Agency
8.3 The US Coast Guard
8.4 State Legislation
8.5 Summary of Current US Legislation


CHAPTER NINE – Local and Regional BW Regulations

PART FOUR – Implementation of Regulations

CHAPTER TEN – The Financial Implications of BWM Legislation
10.1 Cost of Ballast Water Exchange
10.2 Cost of Compliance
10.3 Cost of Ballast Water Management Systems
10.4 The Cost to BWMS Manufacturers


CHAPTER ELEVEN – The Port State Authority


CHAPTER TWELVE – Ship Administration of BWM
12.1 The Ballast Water Management Plan
12.2 Ballast Water Record Book
12.3 Surveys
12.4 Certification
12.5 Ballast Water Reporting
12.6 Training


CHAPTER THIRTEEN – Port States and Port State Control (PSC)
13.1 Existing Conditions
13.2 Notification
13.3 Inspection, Monitoring and Enforcement


CHAPTER FOURTEEN – Ballast Water Sampling/Monitoring
14.1 Monitoring Capability
14.2 Arrival Ballast Conditions
14.3 Monitoring Levels
14.4 Post-treatment Monitoring
14.5 Sampling
14.6 Sediment
14.7 Test Methods
14.8 Monitoring that Requires Tank Entry


CHAPTER FIFTEEN – Alternatives to Using a BWMS on Board
15.1 Port Reception Facilities
15.2 Guidelines on Contingency Measures
15.3 Port-based BW Treatment
15.4 Sediment

PART FIVE – Treatment Systems and Operation

CHAPTER SIXTEEN – Introduction to Treatment Technologies
16.1 Ballast Water Management System (BWMS) Requirements
16.2 Technical Installation Issues
16.3 Retrofit Assistance
16.4 The Evolution of Ballast Water Management Systems


CHAPTER SEVENTEEN – Physical Separation, Thermal, Ultraviolet and Plasma Technologies
17.1 Physical Separation
17.2 Heat Treatment Technology
17.3 Ultraviolet Radiation/Advanced Oxidation Technology
17.4 Plasma Technology


CHAPTER EIGHTEEN – Deoxygenation, Magnetic and Ultrasonic/Cavitation Technologies
18.1 Deoxygenation/Supersaturation Technology
18.2 Magnetic/Electric Fields Technology
18.3 Ultrasonic and Hydrodynamic Cavitation Technology


CHAPTER NINETEEN – Chemical, Biocide and Electrochemical Technologies
19.1 Chemical and Biocide Technology
19.2 Electrochemical Technology

PART SIX – Components and Data Sheets 

CHAPTER TWENTY – Filter Components used in the Assembly of a BWMS
20.1 The BOLLFILTER Automatic Filter Type 6.18.3
20.2 Filtersafe® E Series Filter
20.3 Filtrex ACB® Filter
20.4 HYDAC AutoFilt® Automatic Filter
20.5 KAF Bernoulli Filter®
20.6 MossHydro Filter
20.7 Omega Series Filters
20.8 Spin Klin™ Automatic Disc Filter


CHAPTER TWENTY ONE – BW Systems with No Active Substances (G8)

Part A – BW Systems with No Active Substances Type Approved under the 2016 G8 Guidelines or the BWMS Code
21A.1 Aquarius UV BWMS
21A.2 Bawat BWMS Mk2.0
21A.3 Blue Ocean Shield (BOS) BWMS
21A.4 CompactClean BWMS
21A.5 Evolution BWMS
21A.6 GloEn-Patrol™ 2.0 BWMS
21A.8 LeesGreen® BWMS
21A.9 Miura HK BWMS
21A.10 PureBallast 3.2 BWMS
21A.11 Seascape BWMS

Part B – BW Systems with No Active Substances Type Approved under the original G8 Guidelines

21B.4 Coldharbour Marine GLD™ BWTS
21B.5 Cyeco™ BWMS
21B.6 EcoBallast™ BWTS
21B.7 HY™ BWMS
21B.8 InvaSave 300 BWTS
21B.10 KS-BioViolet™ BWMS
21B.12 NiBallast™ BWMS
21B.13 Optimarin Ballast System
21B.14 RayClean™ BWTS
21B.15 Semb-Eco LUV BWTS
21B.17 Venturi Oxygen Stripping™ (VOS™) BWTS


CHAPTER TWENTY TWO – BW Systems using Active Substances (G9)

Part A – BW Systems using Active Substances Type Approved under the 2016 G8 Guidelines or the BWMS Code

22A.1 Aquarius EC BWMS
22A.2 BalClor® BWMS
22A.3 Ecochlor® BWMS
22A.5 Electro-Cleen™ System (ECS)
22A.7 HiBallast™ BWMS
22A.8 inTank™ BWTS
22A.9 OceanGuard® BWMS
22A.10 Oceansaver® BWTS MKII
22A.11 oneTank BWMS 349

Part B – BW Systems using Active Substances Type Approved under the original G8 Guidelines

22B.1 AquaStar™ BWMS
22B.2 ARA Plasma BWTS (previously named ‘Blue Ocean Guardian’ (BOG) for Basic Approval)
22B.5 BlueBallast BWTS
22B.6 BlueZone™ BWMS
22B.7 CleanBallast® BWTS
22B.8 EcoGuardian™ BWMS
22B.9 JFE BallastAce® BWTS
22B.12 OceanDoctor ® BWMS
22B.13 Purimar™ and Neo-Purimar™ BWMS
22B.14 SeaCURE® BWMS
22B.15 Van Oord (VO) BWMS


CHAPTER TWENTY THREE – Approval Status of Systems
23.1 The BWM Convention
23.2 USCG Ballast Water Regulations 



A1 Key Invasive Species
1.1 The European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)
1.2 Asian Kelp (Undaria pinnatifida), also known as Wakame
1.3 Fishhook Water Flea (Cercopagis pengoi)
1.4 Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis), also known as the Shanghai Hairy Crab
1.5 Northern Pacific Sea Star (Asterias amurensis), also known as the Flatbottom Sea Star
1.6 Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)
1.7 Round Goby (Neogobius melanostomus)
1.8 North American Comb Jelly (Mnemiopsis leidyi)
1.9 Toxic Algae (Producing Harmful Algal Blooms) (various species)

A2 Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) (various strains)

The discharge of untreated ballast water (BW) has been a key factor in the transfer of non-indigenous aquatic species that have subsequently established and become pests in various parts of the world. The economic and environmental damage these invasive species can cause has been well documented and the importance of managing untreated BW on board ships cannot be overstated.


Witherbys titles are developed using scripts developed by technical experts that are peer reviewed within work groups. Typically, they seek to improve understanding of the regulations, recommendations and guidelines issued by Industry.

Witherbys staff have significant expertise in the fields of navigation and hazardous cargoes as well as in the presentation of complex subjects in a graphic and easy to understand manner.

Captain Nadeem Anwar, PhD

Master Mariner, FNI, SFHEA, ACII, DoS, PGCEL, MSc (Maritime Operations), BSc (Quality Management), CertEd. Captain Anwar’s time at sea was spent mainly in deep-sea trade, which gave him global navigational experience. In education since 1998, he is now a Senior Lecturer in the Petrochemical section at Warsash Maritime Academy and the Leader for MSc – Shipping Operations (online). He left sea while in command in 1998.

Title: Ballast Water Management, Understanding the regulations and the treatment technologies available, 11th Edition. (eBook)
Number of Volumes: 1
Edition: Eleventh
Number of Pages: 394
Product Code: IT103455
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-949-3
Published Date:
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 280 mm
Book Width: 220 mm
Book Spine: 30 mm
Author: Nadeem Anwar

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