Cargo Ventilation: A Guide to Good Practice, Second Edition

Published Date

June 2020


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Cargo Ventilation: A Guide to Good Practice, Second Edition

£30.00
(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This unique illustrated guide for masters, ships’ officers and others associated with the carriage of cargo explains how to avoid problems and disputes arising from incorrect use of natural and mechanical hold-ventilation systems on cargo ships.

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Incorrect use of ventilation can lead to cargo damage from ship’s sweat, cargo sweat, rainwater or seaspray. The guide addresses the key cargo ventilation questions of why, when, what and how, with particular emphasis on the application and pitfalls of the dew-point and three-degree rules.

 

The guide works on various levels, with a quick reference section supplemented by practical guidance and considerations, plus a scientific background for those wishing to understand the underlying principles.

1. INTRODUCTION 3

2. Why Ventilate? 3

3. Safety 4

4. How to use this guide 5

5. Glossary of terms 6

 

2. QUICK REFERENCE 7

When to ventilate 7

Cargoes that may require ventilation 7

3. PRACTICAL GUIDANCE 10

What is sweat? The simple explanation 10

Know your cargo: hygroscopic and non-hygroscopic 14

Finding the dew point 15

Three-degree rule - for hydroscopic agricultural cargoes only 17

How effective is ventilation? 18

When should cargo be ventilated? 20

When should ventilation be stopped? 21

Types of ventilation system 22

Importance of record keeping 25

4. PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS 27

Stowage 27

Dunnage 28

Cargoes which do not fit the rules 31

Equipment for measuring the dew point 32

Myth or truth? 34

5. SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND 37

Air, Moisture and relative humidity 37

Relative humidity and dew point - an example 39

How much condensation is produced? 40

Hygroscopic cargoes 41

Scientific rational for ventilation 42

 

INDEX 45

Title: Cargo Ventilation: A Guide to Good Practice, Second Edition
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 47
Product Code: IT103057
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-0-9955653-4-0
Published Date: June 2020
Book Height: 210 mm
Book Width: 150 mm
Book Spine: 10 mm
Weight: 0.40 kg
Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd

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