Controlling Hydrocarbon Emissions From Tank Vessel Loading (eBook)

Published Date

August 2012

Controlling Hydrocarbon Emissions From Tank Vessel Loading (eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

Several states are considering placing controls on vapor emissions from the loading and ballasting of tankships and barges carrying volatile organic compounds, mainly hydrocarbons. The object is to attain federal standards for ambient air concentrations of ozone under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 12.8mb

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Hydrocarbon vapors contribute to ozone formation in the lower atmosphere, which triggers atmospheric phenomena (smog) that exacerbate lung conditions and related health problems in the general populace.


Controls would require loading of cargo and ballasting in such a manner that vapors could be piped ashore, for disposal or recovery, or retained aboard. The U.S. Coast Guard and industry have identified a number of safety and operational concerns. Safety concerns include the risk of fire and explosion associated with handling vapors and the dangers and accompanying risks associated with overloading and spills.


The committee visited several large gasoline and crude oil loading terminals to obtain a clear picture of operating procedures and technology. The site visits included several to terminals using vapor recovery systems designed and installed for special cargoes. 12.8mb

Title: Controlling Hydrocarbon Emissions From Tank Vessel Loading (eBook)
Product Code: 4436F023
Published Date: August 2012

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