Effective Mooring, Fourth Edition.

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Published Date

March 2019


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Effective Mooring, Fourth Edition.

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Mooring is one of the most complex and dangerous operations for ship and terminal crew. If something goes wrong, the consequences can be severe.

 

Effective Mooring gives crew a general introduction to mooring and guidance on how to stay safe during mooring operations. It is written in an easy-to-understand style for seafarers worldwide and can be used as a training guide for both new and experienced crew. Produced by the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF), the book is written for crew on board oil tankers, barges and terminals, but the principles can be applied to any vessel.

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Mooring is one of the most complex and dangerous operations for ship and terminal crew. If something goes wrong, the consequences can be severe.

Effective Mooring gives crew a general introduction to mooring and guidance on how to stay safe during mooring operations. It is written in an easy-to-understand style for seafarers worldwide and can be used as a training guide for both new and experienced crew. Produced by the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF), the book is written for crew on board oil tankers, barges and terminals, but the principles can be applied to any vessel.

This fourth edition of Effective Mooring is aligned with the guidance in OCIMF’s Mooring Equipment Guidelines, Fourth Edition (MEG4), which contains more detailed technical information on the design and maintenance of mooring systems.

 

New in Effective Mooring, Fourth Edition:

  • Emphasis on the whole mooring crew being responsible for safety.

  • Removed guidance on marking snap-back zones: the whole mooring deck is a danger zone.

  • More guidance on barges.

  • Simplified language and more cartoons, to make it easier to read.

  • Addresses human factors, e.g. communication, fatigue, situational awareness, etc.

Contents

Section one

Introduction

1.1 What is the purpose of this guide?

1.2 What is new in this edition?

1.3 Who should read this?

1.4 Why do I need guidance on mooring?

1.5 Reasons for accidents

Section two

General mooring safety practices

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Safety culture and behaviour

2.3 Personal protective equipment

2.4 Tips for mooring practices and operations

2.5 Common risks and hazards

2.6 Taking care of mooring equipment

2.7 What does a mooring system do?

2.8 Typical mooring layout

Section three

Mooring lines

3.1 Types of mooring line

3.2 Line stiffness

3.3 Mixed moorings

3.4 Synthetic fibre tails

3.5 Steel wire lines

3.6 Synthetic fibre mooring lines

3.7 Snap-back

3.8 Care of mooring lines

3.9 Mooring line safety reminders

Section four

Mooring winches

4.1 Winch types

4.2 Winch control types

4.3 Winch drums

4.4 Winch brakes

4.5 Freezing weather

4.6 Winch awareness when joining a new ship

4.7 Winch safety reminders

Section five

Anchoring

5.1 Anchoring operations

5.2 Anchor chain stoppers

5.3 Anchor chains

5.4 Communication

5.5 Windlass brakes

5.6 Anchoring safety reminders

Section six

Tugs and barges

6.1 Safe handling of tug lines

6.2 Mooring operations on tugs and barges

6.3 Tug and barge safety reminders

Section seven

Ship/berth interface

7.1 Mooring operations on berths

7.2 Berth safety reminders

1.1 What is the purpose of this guide?

This book gives seafarers general guidance on how to stay safe when mooring a ship. It is written in an easy-to-understand style for seafarers worldwide. More detailed technical information on the design and

maintenance of mooring systems is in OCIMF’s Mooring Equipment Guidelines, Fourth Edition (MEG4).

Although this guide is mainly for use on tankers, a lot of the information is also valid for other ship types, including small vessels and barges.

 

This guide is not a book of rules. It gives recommendations on safety and good operating practices. Where stricter international, national or local regulations apply, they take priority.

 

1.2 What is new in this edition?

This edition is aligned with the guidance in MEG4 and updates and replaces Effective Mooring, Third Edition.

New in the fourth edition:

 

• Emphasis on the whole mooring crew being responsible for safety.

• Removed guidance on marking snap-back zones: the whole mooring deck is a danger zone.

• More guidance on barges.

• Simplified language and more cartoons, to make it easier to read.

• Addresses human factors, e.g. communication, fatigue, situational awareness, etc.

 

1.3 Who should read this?

This book is mainly for the ratings, cadets and junior officers who actually do the mooring operations – the inexperienced trying to improve their skills and knowledge as well as the experienced who can, at times, be a little over-confident. It is particularly important for general purpose ratings who might not ordinarily work on the deck.

 

1.4 Why do I need guidance on mooring?

Mooring is one of the first operations you do when the ship leaves or arrives in a port. It is also one of the most complex and dangerous jobs on board and can have serious consequences if things go wrong.

Mooring, towing and anchoring can put a lot of strain on lines and equipment because of the high forces involved.

On some ships, you may face challenges such as poor construction and design of the mooring deck, its arrangements and equipment.

 

Using the guidance in this book can help improve everybody’s safety. By acting as a team, being well prepared, knowing how to control the risks and looking out for each other, you are more likely to stay safe.

Take care and think carefully, especially on ships with structures that make it hard to see what is happening. Remember that at different berths, the mooring arrangements can be very different.

The same principles apply to anchoring and towing operations.

 

1.5 Reasons for accidents

Accidents can happen at any time, usually unexpectedly, when you think the operation is going to plan. You think you are safe, doing what you always do, then suddenly you are in a situation you never thought was going to happen. After all, you know what you’re doing, don’t you? Your perception of danger often decreases over time. Maybe you lose concentration, maybe you cut your procedures just a little bit or maybe you get a little complacent – then an accident suddenly happens. Accidents happen because of many factors, such as equipment, work

processes, knowledge, concentration, safety culture and that great unknown: environmental conditions!

OCIMF was formed in April 1970 in response to the growing public concern about marine pollution, particularly by oil, after the Torrey Canyon incident in 1967. In the early 1970s, a variety of anti-pollution initiatives were starting to emerge nationally, regionally and internationally, but with little coordination. Through OCIMF, the oil industry was able to play a stronger, coordinating role in response to these initiatives, making its professional expertise widely available through cooperation with governments and intergovernmental bodies.

OCIMF was granted consultative status at the IMO in 1971 and continues to present oil industry views at IMO meetings. Since then, its role has broadened to take account the changing maritime activities of its membership. Its remit now covers tankers, barges, offshore support vessels and terminals and its advice extends to issues like shipping in ice and large-scale piracy, which rarely troubled the oil industry when OCIMF was first created in the 1970s.

The current membership of OCIMF comprises 112 companies worldwide.

Today, OCIMF is widely recognised as the voice of the oil industry providing expertise in the safe and environmentally responsible transport and handling of hydrocarbons in ships and terminals and setting standards for continuous improvement. Membership is extensive and includes every oil major in the world along with the majority of National Oil Companies.

OCIMF has much to be proud of. Not only has it contributed to a substantial quantity of regulation at the IMO aimed at improving the safety of tankers and protecting the environment, but it has introduced important new guidance on pressing current issues such as piracy and Arctic shipping. With the process of introducing new Internationally-accepted regulation necessarily slow as it crosses many individual countries and jurisdictions, OCIMF is in the unique position of being able to leverage the expertise of its membership to press ahead with much needed guidance on important industry issues. This provides the means to improve practices in the membership and in the wider industry, and serves as a valuable reference for developing regulation.

Title: Effective Mooring, Fourth Edition.
Number of Pages: 72
Product Code: WS1663K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-807-6 (9781856098076), ISBN 10: 1-85609-807-9 (1856098079)
Published Date: March 2019
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 180 mm
Book Width: 120 mm
Book Spine: 5 mm
Weight: 0.10 kg
Author: Oil Companies International Marine Forum

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