Fully Refrigerated LPG Carriers (eBook)

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Published Date

May 2004

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Fully Refrigerated LPG Carriers (eBook)

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Covers the development of the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Carrier from the 1st fully refrigerated ships through to the modern ships currently in service.


No. OF PAGES: 314

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This publication is a full account of the design and development of the fully refrigerated LPG carrier. Over 100 drawings and 150 photographs are included with technical details of all of the fully refrigerated LPG carriers that have been built or converted. In his conclusion, the author presents a new FRLPG carrier design concept known as the 'Ptarmigan'. The 8 appendices include: a delivery chronology, dimensions, capacities, shipbuilder's reference lists and the name changes of all of the LPG carriers featured.



1. Virtual on Board Inspections

2. French Refrigeration Breakthrough

3. Japanese Pioneers Bridgestone and Mitsubishi

4. First Refrigerated LPG from Ras Tanura Terminal

5. Secondary Barrier Side Hull from A G Weser

6. Conversion and New Buildings from Hitachi Zosen

7. European First from Kockums

8. Verolme Pair for the Ammonia Trade

9. Home Town Shipyard Hawthorn Leslie

10. LPG and LNG Technologies Intertwined at IHI

11. Moss Vaerft and Dokk

12. Scottish Ammonia Carrier Conversion

13. Single Invar LPG Membrane from CNIM

14. Spanish First from Euskalduna

15. Single FRLPG Carrier from Kiel

16. Conversions and Combined Carriers from the USA

17. Semi-Membrane Kasmet from Kawasaki

18. Thyssen Nordseewerke Four for P&O

19. Large and Small from Italy

20. Boelwerf’s Entrepreneurial Audacity

21. French Connection for NKK

22. Scottish Roots for Hyundai Plants

23. Pioneering French Connection at Daewoo

24. New Fully Refrigerated LPG Carrier Design Concept – Ptarmigan


1. Delivery Chronology

2. Original Names

3. Current Names

4. Capacity

5. Lead Ship Dimensions

6. Shipbuilders

7. Previous Names

8. Name Changes

In 2003, Syd Harris reached the milestone of 25 years as an independent consultant with a world-wide involvement in the fascinating, challenging, and richly rewarding gas shipping business. Back in the sixties his career began as a young naval architect at the Tyneside shipyard of Hawthorn Leslie. He was a member of the small design team working on the significant 757 m³ Abbas and 11,750 m³ Clerk- Maxwell. Abbas was a converted general cargo vessel which became the first gas ship from a United Kingdom shipyard to be fitted with a reliquefaction plant and Clerk-Maxwell was the first purpose built fully refrigerated LPG carrier to be constructed in the United Kingdom.

He recalls reclaiming his home town Hebburn as a young man, for the bright lights of London, with good wishes from the company naval architect Julian Eckhard whose parting words questioned whether it would be possible to find more interesting and satisfying work than what he was leaving behind. In the capital, his gas ship career moved forward when he became a technical surveyor with the American Bureau of Shipping reviewing hull and containment systems for LPG and LNG carriers being built in Europe, for compliance with ABS Rules for Classification. Some of the new buildings reviewed were; the largest fully refrigerated LPG carrier ever built, 101,988m³ Esso Westernport, the 50,240m³ LNG/LPG carrier Descartes, the 135,000m³ El Paso Paul Kayser series of LNG carriers and other LPG and LNG carriers being built in France, Sweden and Poland during the seventies.

Syd formed his own consultancy firm in 1978 and his work has covered a wide range of gas ship projects which have taken him to many destinations across the globe. He has inspected LPG carriers in Alaska, Chile, Singapore, mainland China and across Europe and the Middle East, maintained extensive records of gas carriers designs and incidents, assessed potential collision damage, offered advice in legal disputes, presented technical papers at the Gastech conferences, as well as completing many design and feasibility studies. All of the drawings in the book have been produced by Syd in his own style and he also took many of the unique and previously unpublished photographs.

He is a Fellow of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, a Chartered Engineer and a Member of Society of Consulting Marine Engineers & Ship Surveyors.

Title: Fully Refrigerated LPG Carriers (eBook)
Number of Pages: 314
Product Code: WS1168EA
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-266-1 (9781856092661), ISBN 10: 1-85609-266-6 (1856092666)
Published Date: May 2004
Author: F S Harris

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