INTERTANKO Guide to Port State Control, 2nd Edition 2019 (eBook)

Published Date

October 2019

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INTERTANKO Guide to Port State Control, 2nd Edition 2019 (eBook)

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This new publication focussed specifically on Port State Control aims to improve the performance of all ship types, not just tankers, by bringing into one document the information on different PSC regimes, their processes as well as guidance produced by INTERTANKO’s Vetting Committee.


This publication and the guidance it provides will give ships’ crews and shore-based personnel a better understanding of PSC systems and will help them prepare for inspections and reduce the number of deficiencies that could lead to detention.

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Port State Control (PSC) is the inspection of foreign ships in national ports to verify that the condition of the ship and its equipment complies with the requirements of international regulations, and that the ship is manned and operated in compliance with these rules. Many of the IMO’s most important technical conventions contain provisions for ships to be inspected when they visit foreign ports to ensure that they meet IMO requirements. The responsibility for ships’ standards rests with owners, Class Societies and the Flag State – but Port State Control (PSC) provides a "safety net" to identify substandard ships which experience has shown to be extremely effective.


The first PSC agreement to identify and exclude substandard ships was drafted after the Amoco Cadiz incident in March 1978 and resulted in the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which came into effect in Europe in 1982. There are now nine regional agreements on Port State Control in effect, which cover Europe and the north Atlantic (Paris MoU); Asia and the Pacific (Tokyo MoU); Latin America (Acuerdo de Viña del Mar); the Caribbean (Caribbean MoU); West and Central Africa (Abuja MoU); the Black Sea region (Black Sea MoU); the Mediterranean (Mediterranean MoU); the Indian Ocean (Indian Ocean MoU); and the Persian Gulf (Riyadh MoU). The United States Coast Guard maintain the tenth PSC regime.


The shipping industry has made considerable progress and continues to do so, but incidents show that there are still ships that slip through the net. It is these ships that PSC targets through sharing of data and improved training of inspectors to strengthen their abilities and better direct their efforts.


INTERTANKO’s Membership has long recognised the value of well-operated and maintained tankers and has developed criteria to ensure its own quality standards. Alongside the Membership criteria, the Association and its Vetting Committee have supported owners through the production of a Guide to the Vetting Process which includes advice on both the PSC and commercial vetting processes for tankers.




Introduction, Scope and Background to PSC

Geographical Overview of the Port State Control Regions

Overview of MoUs’ activity and procedures


Port State Control Inspections

Types of Inspections

Initial Inspection

Clear Grounds

More Detailed Inspections

Expanded inspection

Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC)

The PSC Inspections Process

The Port State Control Process


Professional Qualifications and Conduct of PSCOs

Deficiencies and Detentions 



Detention appeals


General Guide for Masters 

Preparation for a PSC inspection

The PSC Inspection Process

Concluding an Inspection


A Guide for Masters – USCG Visits 

Certificate of Compliance Inspections

QUALSHIP 21 and E-Zero designation


Guidance for Companies 

Facilitation payments

OCIMF PSC Repository

Port State Control Inspection Feedback system


Selection of Ships for Port State Control 

Targeting Factors

Overriding factors


Port State Control and Regional MoUs 

Detention Appeal and Review Procedures 



INTERTANKO Vessel & PSC Inspection Feedback Systems


Guidelines for Port State Control related to the ISM Code

PSC Codes for Deficiencies / Detention

Port State Control and Regional MoUs

Report of Inspection in accordance with IMO Port State

Control procedures (Form A)*

Report of Inspection in accordance with IMO Port State

Control procedures (Form B)

Port State Control (PSC) is the inspection of foreign ships in national ports to verify that the condition of the ship and its equipment comply with the requirements of international regulations and that the ship is manned and operated in compliance with these rules.


These inspections were originally intended to be a back up to Flag State implementation, however, experience has shown that they can be extremely effective. Port State Control provides a "safety net" to catch substandard ships.


This chapter provides a general insight into the Port State Control inspection process; when, how and why it was institutionalised by countries and the general principles driving this process.

INTERTANKO (the International Association of Independent Tanker Owners) is a trade association that has served as the voice for independent tanker owners since 1970, representing the interests of its Members at national, regional and international levels.

The organisation champions an industry dedicated to support global energy networks by delivering safe, efficient and environmentally sound transport services.

INTERTANKO actively works on a wide range of operational, technical, legal and commercial issues affecting tanker owners and operators around the world. It draws on regular and direct contact with its Members and other industry stakeholders to develop and disseminate information and best practice, essential to the tanker industry.

Title: INTERTANKO Guide to Port State Control, 2nd Edition 2019 (eBook)
Number of Volumes: 1
Number of Pages: 126
Product Code: WS1725EA
Published Date: October 2019
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 300 mm
Book Width: 220 mm
Book Spine: 30 mm

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