Mooring Equipment Guidelines (MEG4)

Look Inside

Published Date

June 2018


Also available in other formats:

Mooring Equipment Guidelines (MEG4)

£325.00
(Excludes any applicable taxes)

Mooring a ship to a berth is a common function for the maritime industry, however incidents that harm ship and terminal personnel still occur. This publication establishes recommended minimum requirements that will help ship designers, terminal designers, ship operators and mooring line manufacturers improve the design, performance and safety of mooring systems.

Be the first to review this product

Mooring Equipment Guidelines is an industry publication for the safe mooring of tankers and gas carriers at terminals.

The publication provides clear and concise guidance for ship and terminal designers, ship operators and mooring line manufacturers on safe mooring system design, with an emphasis on the safety of ship and terminal personnel.

This fourth edition has been extensively updated and addresses:

  • Lessons learned from incidents, most notably from failures of HMSF mooring lines;

  • Human centred mooring designs and human factors in mooring operations;

  • New and in-development regulations and guidance from the IMO on the safety of mooring;

  • Alternative mooring technologies and how they can be incorporated safely into the design of mooring systems both for ships and terminals.

 

 

Foreword

Introduction

Contents

Glossary

Abbreviations

Bibliography

A note on new terminology

Introduction to the Mooring System Management Plan and the Line Management Plan

Section one - Introduction to mooring

1.1 General

1.2 Objectives

1.3 Forces acting on the ship

1.4 Mooring system design principles

1.5 Stiffness of lines

1.6 General mooring guidelines

1.7 Operational considerations

1.8 Ship mooring management

1.9 Mooring System Management Plan

Section two - Human factors

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Safety critical task analysis

2.3 Human-Centred Design

2.4 Operations and maintenance

2.5 Competence and training

2.6 Health and wellbeing

Section three - Mooring forces and environmental criteria

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Standard environmental criteria

3.3 Calculation of forces

3.4 Mooring restraint requirements

3.5 Site-specific environmental data and mooring line loads

Section four - Mooring arrangements and layouts

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Piers and sea islands

4.3 Bow mooring at offshore terminals

4.4 Multi Buoy Moorings

4.5 Towing

4.6 Transits of canals and waterways

4.7 Emergency tow-off pennants

4.8 Barge and small ship mooring

4.9 Ship to ship transfers

4.10 Arrangements at cargo manifolds

4.11 Mooring augmentation in exceptional conditions

4.12 Combination of various requirements

4.13 Equipment and fitting line-up with operational considerations

Section five - Mooring lines

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Mooring system design and line selection

5.3 Factors influencing mooring line performance

5.4 Maintenance, inspection and retirement

5.5 Steel wire ropes

5.6 High Modulus Synthetic Fibre lines

5.7 Conventional fibre lines

5.8 Synthetic mooring tails

Section six - Mooring winches

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Selection and specification of mooring winches

6.3 Design and construction of mooring winches

6.4 Operation and maintenance of mooring winches

Section seven - Mooring and towing fittings

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Selection and specification of mooring and towing fittings

7.3 Design and construction of mooring and towing fittings

Section eight - Structural reinforcements

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Design considerations

8.3 Mooring winches

8.4 Fairleads

8.5 Pedestal fairleads

8.6 Bitts

8.7 Recessed bitts

8.8 Bow chain stopper fittings and Smit towing brackets

8.9 Special considerations for installation

Section nine - Berth design and fittings

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Berth mooring structure layout considerations

9.3 Performing mooring evaluations and assumptions

9.4 Establishing environmental operating limits

9.5 Types and application of berth mooring equipment

9.6 Operational considerations for design of berth mooring equipment

9.7 Berth mooring equipment and structural inspection and maintenance

Section ten - Ship/shore interface

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Ship operator responsibility

10.3 Terminal operator responsibility

10.4 Ship responsibility

10.5 Berth operator responsibility

10.6 Ship mooring personnel responsibility

10.7 Joint ship/shore meeting and inspection

10.8 Tug and line boat operations

10.9 Records of mooring operations

Section eleven - Alternative mooring technology

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Examples of alternative and emerging technologies

11.3 Due diligence process

Appendices

Appendix A: Wind and current drag coefficients

A1 Introduction

A2 Symbols and notations

A3 Wind and current drag coefficients for large tankers

A4 Wind and current drag coefficients for gas carriers

A5 Example force calculations for VLCC

Appendix B: Guidelines for the purchasing and testing of mooring lines and tails

B1 Introduction

B2 How to use these guidelines

B3 Stakeholders

B4 Documentation

B5 Base design process

B6 Purchasing process

B7 Base design manufacture

B8 Base design testing

B9 Product supply manufacture

B10 Product supply quality assurance testing

B11 Nonstandard testing

B12 Example documents

The Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) first published Mooring Equipment Guidelines in 1992, with revised editions in 1997 and 2008. The revisions addressed changes

in the design of terminals and ships, advances in mooring line or equipment technology and concerns arising from incidents or operating experience.

 

Mooring a ship to a berth remains a basic function for the maritime industry. A wide range of standards, guidelines and recommendations are available for mooring systems, from mooring

equipment and arrangements to mooring practices. However, incidents that harm ship and terminal personnel still occur during mooring. OCIMF has undertaken a major revision of the

Mooring Equipment Guidelines in this fourth edition, with a focus on the safety of ship and terminal personnel. It addresses four significant areas of interest:

 

• Lessons learned from incidents, most notably from failures of HMSF mooring lines.

• Human-centred mooring designs and human factors in mooring operations.

• New and in-development regulations and guidance from the IMO on the safety of mooring.

• Alternative mooring technologies and how they can be incorporated safely into the design of mooring systems both for ships and terminals.

 

OCIMF is grateful for the support and contribution made by other shipping industry associations, equipment manufacturers, port and terminal associations and pilot

associations. OCIMF would also like to extend a special thank you to the following organisations that played a significant role in the sections with the largest changes and new

content: Cordage Institute, Eurocord, International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) and Ship Builders Association of Japan.

 

OCIMF would also like to thank the Marine Accident Investigation Bureau (MAIB) for input and feedback during the development of this publication.

 

The main changes from the third edition include:

• Four new sections:

-- Section two: Human factors.

-- Section nine: Berth design and fittings.

-- Section ten: Ship/shore interface.

-- Section eleven: Alternative mooring technology.

• One new appendix:

-- Appendix B: Guidelines for the purchasing and testing of mooring lines and tails.

• New tools to help operators manage equipment and lines from design to retirement:

-- Line Management Plan (LMP).

-- Mooring System Management Plan (MSMP).

• Updated and expanded guidance on mooring lines.

• New terminology to describe the strength of mooring lines and equipment (see A note on

new terminology).

• Updated wind and current drag coefficients (appendix A), which have been re-validated by

a leading Classification Society from IACS. These are now considered the most up-to-date

coefficients covering tankers in the size range from 16,000 DWT and above.

It is recommended that onboard mooring equipment and fittings, including mooring lines,

are identified as critical equipment or systems. OCIMF defines safety critical equipment as an

individual piece of equipment, a control system or an individual protection device which in

the event of a single point failure may:

• Result in a hazardous situation which could lead to an accident.

Or

• Directly cause an accident that results in harm to people or the environment.

 

Alternatives to the recommendations in this publication should only be introduced on the basis of a risk assessment and should be implemented through a proper management of

change process. Any mitigation measures or contingency plans should take into account the environmental limits for mooring, stopping cargo transfer and departing the berth.

This publication establishes recommended minimum requirements that will help ship designers, terminal designers, ship operators and mooring line manufacturers improve the

design, performance and safety of mooring systems.To make sure improvements in mooring system design are implemented as soon as possible

in the industry, it is recommended that:

 

• New ships and terminals are designed and built using the recommendations in this

publication.

• New ships already under construction and existing ships consider making changes that will

use the recommendations in this publication.

• If new build ships under construction or existing ships are unable to follow the

recommendations in this publication, they should, as a minimum, develop a Mooring

System Management Plan (MSMP) and a Line Management Plan (LMP) that will:

-- Remain on the ship throughout its life as part of the management of change records.

-- Identify a timeline and measures needed to follow the recommendations of this

publication.

-- Detail interim measures taken to address the recommendations in this publication,

with reasons given for why the changes have not been implemented yet.

• Where a terminal is already in service, the terminal management should perform a gap

assessment with the recommendations in this fourth edition of the Mooring Equipment

Guidelines and, where there are gaps, perform a documented risk assessment to ensure

these gaps are appropriately managed in accordance with the site’s risk management

guidelines to reduce risk and enhance safety. For new build terminals under consideration,

or engineering not yet completed, where applicable, consider and implement the recommendations in the fourth edition of MEG.

 

This publication is primarily aimed at the hydrocarbon and chemical industry sectors,

conventional tankers, gas carriers and the terminals they visit. Many of the guidelines and

recommendations in this publication could also be applied to non-conventional tankers and

terminals such as Floating (Production) Storage and Offloading units (F(P)SOs) and Floating

Storage and Regasification Units (FSUs), particularly where they interface with conventional

tankers. In addition, some of the guidance and recommendations can be considered to be

equally applicable to other industry sectors and non-tanker ship types.

 

With the publication of this edition, the following documents have been superseded and are

removed from distribution:

• Books:

-- Mooring Equipment Guidelines, Third Edition (MEG3).

-- Effective Mooring, Third Edition.

• Information papers:

-- Potential Hazards Associated with Requests for Additional Mooring Lines by

Terminal Operators.

-- Winch Brake Bands Design Considerations Impacting on Reeling Direction Guidelines

for Specification of Manufacture, Testing and Procurement of High Modulus

Polyethylene Ropes.

-- Summary of the Results of the MARIN Study to Validate the Adequacy of SPM Mooring

Equipment Recommendations.

-- Lloyd’s Register Risk Assessment of Emergency Tow-off Pennant Systems (ETOPS)

Onboard Tank Vessels.

The Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) is a voluntary association of oil companies (the ‘members’) who have an interest in the shipment and terminalling of crude oil, oil products, petrochemicals and gas. OCIMF’s mission is to be the foremost authority on the safe and environmentally responsible operation of oil tankers, terminals and offshore support vessels, promoting continuous improvement in standards of design and operation. Learn more at www.ocimf.org

Title: Mooring Equipment Guidelines (MEG4)
Number of Volumes: 1
Edition: 4th 2018 Ed.
Number of Pages: 312
Product Code: WS1625K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-771-0 (9781856097710), ISBN 10: 1-85609-771-4 (1856097714)
Published Date: June 2018
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 270 mm
Book Width: 300 mm
Book Spine: 45 mm
Weight: 1.80 kg
Author: Oil Companies International Marine Forum

Bought this product? Why not review it?

If you have a question about this product, please contact us directly.
No
No
No

Look Inside Text