Natural Gas by Sea

Published Date

January 1993

Natural Gas by Sea

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This publication describes the way in which natural gas technology has developed and discusses how and why it has become a well-established, highly sophisticated and safe branch of modern marine engineering.

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This publication charts the history of LNG transportation by seas, from the early tank and ship designs, to the development of membranes and spheres. It discusses the involvement of IMO and Classification Societies.


This book is extensively illustrated with detailed design drawings and photographs.


Foreword and Acknowledgements to 1st Edition

Foreword and Acknowledgements to 2nd Edition

Chart: Periods covered by Chapters and Some Landmarks

1. How it All Started

2. First Attempts at a Solution

3. Wide Participation and Further Testwork in the USA

4. Activities Outside the USA

5. The Role of the Classification Societies

6. The First Prototype — Methane Pioneer

7. The Second Prototype — Beauvais

8. Cargo Handling Arrangements

9. The First Commercial LNG Ships

10. Patents and Politics

11. Membranes — Breakthrough?

12. Two More Projects and a Speculative Ship

13. The Spheres

14. Market Prospects Generate Many New Designs

15. The IMO Code

16. A Decade of Consolidation

17. Projects Past, Present and Future

18. A Look Ahead


1 What is Natural Gas?

2 Some Approximate Physical Properties of Constituents of Natural Gas

3 US Coast Guard Tentative Standards for Transportation of Liquefied Inflammable Gases at Atmospheric Pressure (August 22, 1956)

4a/4b Lighter moments at the Gastech Conferences

5 SIGTTO Publications Relating to LNG

Roger Ffooks, B.Sc., F.R.I.N.A. has been involved with gas tankers, both LNG and LPG, since the early 1950’s, first as senior Naval Architect with Shell International Marine Limited and subsequently as Technical Director of Conch Methane Services Limited.

He was directly concerned with the design, construction and operation of Methane Princess and Methane Process, the first two commercial LNG carriers, and subsequently the development of one of the two basic membrane designs. He contributed to the preparation of the IMO Gas Carrier Code as representative of the International Chamber of Shipping and the British Delegation and has written a number of papers on LNG ship design and development.

Roger Ffooks left Shell in 1976 to set up as an Independent Consultant, primarily in the gas ship field, based in London.

Title: Natural Gas by Sea
Subtitle: The Development of a New Technology, 2nd Edition
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 245
Product Code: 4400W097
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-052-0 (9781856090520), ISBN 10: 1-85609-052-3 (1856090523)
Published Date: January 1993
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 245 mm
Book Width: 170 mm
Book Spine: 20 mm
Weight: 0.70 kg
Author: Barbara Ffooks

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