Personal Injury Prevention: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition)

Published Date

August 2019


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Personal Injury Prevention: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition)

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This is the second edition of this unique illustrated guide designed to assist in the prevention of personal injury onboard ship. Following the implementation of the International Safety Management Code, safety policy must be at the forefront of shipowners’ and seafarers’ minds.

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It is hoped that this guide will help promote good practice onboard ship and thus injury prevention. The guide is illustrated with cartoon characters. The use of a little humour, in what is a very serious topic, will help differentiate the rights and wrongs of working practices at sea.

CONTENTS

 

PERSONAL INJURY AND THE ROLE OF LOSS PREVENTION

Accidents and their causes

ISM Code requirements

How to use this guide

Basic safety equipment, training and developing the safety ethos

 

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Boilersuits

Safety shoes

Safety helmets

Ear defenders

Gloves

Goggles and eye protection

Additional personal protective equipment

 

SHIPBOARD SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Management meetings

Shipboard safety committee

Shipboard safety officer

Safety representatives

Daily work planning meetings

Weekly work planning meetings

 

WORK PLANNING AND PROCEDURES

Job allocation and equipment requirements

Detailed job procedures

Permit to work systems

Example of permit to work situation

 

WORKSHOP PRACTICES – USING MACHINE AND HAND TOOLS

Training and maintenance

Hand held power tools

Machine tools

Workshop tidiness

 

GOOD HOUSEKEEPING

Encouraging good housekeeping

Unmanned machinery spaces

Reporting deficiencies

Garbage

 

ELECTRICAL MAINTENANCE

Potential risks

Electrical equipment isolation procedures

Responding to electric shock

Storage batteries

Personal electrical equipment

 

HANDLING SHIPBOARD CHEMICALS

Sources of information for shipboard chemicals

Control of shipboard chemicals

Handling chemicals

Pollution incidents and fires involving chemicals

 

GALLEYS – CATERING AND PERSONAL HYGIENE

Personal hygiene

Injuries involving sharp objects

Galley cleanliness

Galley slips and falls

Refrigerated spaces

Galley equipment and clothing

 

LIFTING AND LIFTING APPLIANCES

Manual lifting

Lifting using mechanical means

Lifting equipment register and certification

Operator certificates

Safe working load

Effect of trim and heel

 

FIRE – PRECAUTIONS, DRILLS AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Welding / hot work

Oil leaks and spills

Galley fires

Smoking

Electrical fires

Incinerators

Fire drills and exercises

Fire – emergency response

 

WELDING AND BURNING (HOT WORK)

Personal protective equipment

Welding procedures

Electric arc welding

Gas welding, burning and flame cutting

 

 

ACCESS, TRANSIT AND DISEMBARKING

Access to and from the ship

Transit around the ship

Preventing slips and falls

 

ENTRY INTO ENCLOSED SPACES

What is an enclosed space?

Entry procedures

Atmosphere testing

 

MOORING AND ANCHORING OPERATIONS

Anchoring

Mooring operations

Taking a tug

 

CARGO WORK – HOLDS, HATCHES AND TANKS

Maintaining safe practice

Operating hatch covers

Hold inspections

Potentially dangerous cargoes

 

OTHER AREAS NOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED

Asbestos

Passengers

Accident reporting

Dealing with an incident

 

CASE STUDIES – PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS

  1. Personal protective equipment

  2. Good housekeeping

  3. Work on electrical equipment

  4. Welding and burning (hot work)

  5. Entry into enclosed spaces

  6. Cargo work - holds, hatches and tanks

 

A SAFE COURSE AHEAD

 

INDEX

In many shipping companies, shipboard safety has improved greatly over the past few years. With the implementation of the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, safety awareness programmes, the routine use of safety equipment, safety training and generally the development of a safety culture have made ships safer places to live and work. However, far too many incidents, accidents, injuries and claims are still occurring.

 

ACCIDENTS AND THEIR CAUSES

Clearly, such accidents lead to considerable suffering on the part of the individuals involved – and their families. They also lead to insurance claims which are a drain on the already over stretched ship owner’s financial resources of shipowners.

 

The apparent cause of personal injuries is frequently attributed to ‘human error’. The true cause is often complex and involves many issues. It is the seafarers themselves, with guidance and support from the ship owner, safety advisers and legislation, who are best placed to investigate and analyse the causative factors which led to an accident. They can then implement corrective action in an effort to ensure that similar incidents do not happen again and generally assist in the reduction of personal injuries.

 

The word reduction is used since total elimination may not yet be a realistically viable target. But it is, nevertheless, what we should all strive for in the future. It does not seem unreasonable to suggest that seafarers should take particular care for their own safety as well as that of their shipmates. Safety should be a priority consideration and tasks should only be attempted when all the safety implications have been fully considered and the appropriate action taken. Many accidents are the result of lapses in concentration or have seemingly minor causes. The consequences of such lapses can lead to accidents which vary in their severity, but the degree of severity is often only down to chance. Authorised User (See Terms of Use): Member of The North of England P&I Association

 

ISM CODE REQUIREMENTS

Under the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, all shipping companies are required to develop a safety and environmental policy as detailed in Section 1.4 of the Code – Functional requirements for a safety management system. The Code, which is an International Maritime Organization (IMO) resolution, has been incorporated as Chapter IX of the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention and is mandatory for almost all commercial ships around the world.

 

Section 7 of the Code requires the Company to establish procedures, plans and instructions, including checklists as appropriate, for key shipboard operations concerning the safety of the ship. This sits alongside Section 8 which requires the Company to identify potential emergency shipboard operations and establish procedures to respond to them. This guide is not intended to fulfill those requirements in their entirety but provide a valuable complement to a ship owner’s own procedures. The manuals and procedures of each individual company Safety Management System must take precedence.

 

One of the listed objectives of the ISM Code is to:

‘Provide for safe practices in ship operation and a safe working environment’.

 

HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE

This guide details a range of safe practices which, if adopted on board ship, will help reduce the high number of accidents and injuries experienced by many seafarers. In essence, what must be developed is a safety culture. Safety and accident prevention is really a four stage process. It is necessary to:

  • Identify the problem.

  • Provide all personnel with basic training and basic personal protective equipment.

  • Develop a safety culture – where safety becomes a priority consideration.

  • Develop accident, incident and near miss reporting systems.

 

BASIC SAFETY EQUIPMENT, TRAINING AND DEVELOPING THE SAFETY ETHOS

It is vital that all seafarers are provided with, and are trained in the proper use of, the correct safety equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE). This guide book attempts to identify that equipment and provide guidance on its use and the circumstances in which it should be used. Once the equipment has been provided, and seafarers know how it should be correctly used, the next step is to develop the ‘safety culture’. It is not enough to allow the management of safety to stop there – all involved must be motivated to put into practice what they have learned and to always use the correct PPE.

 

Developing the safety culture demands total commitment from the very top of the organisation, to drive it through the company managers, senior ship staff, officers and crew. This commitment must be a tangible one and safety and the prevention of personal injury must be elevated to become a priority factor in the operation of the company. It is vital to establish procedures, guidelines and advice to seafarers on Authorised User (See Terms of Use): Member of The North of England P&I Association practical means of avoiding personal injury. The company role should be one of support and encouragement rather than one of developing more rules and regulations simply to comply with legislation. Encouragement, motivation and support of the sea staff by management will reap more benefits than increased regulation.

 

If they do not already do so, ship owners may wish to consider the appointment of a shore-based safety advisor who can visit ships providing advice on safety topics. During such visits the safety advisor will be able to gain an impression of the safety awareness situation on board ship and the degree to which the safety culture has been developed. The opportunity may also be taken to provide safety training of sea staff within the context of the Safety Management System.

 

This guide is intended as an additional weapon in the fight against accidents – particularly personal injuries. It is not intended as an alternative to thorough training. The competency of seafarers to correctly use safety equipment and to be fully aware of on board safety procedures is of paramount importance. With the common goal of reducing the cost of personal injury in both human and financial terms, everyone has a responsibility and a role to play.

 

This obviously includes you – the reader!

Title: Personal Injury Prevention: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition)
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 86
Product Code: WS1713K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-0-9542012-7-2 (9780954201272), ISBN 10: 0-9542012-7-2 (0954201272)
Published Date: August 2019
Weight: 0.50 kg
Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd

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