Polar Eagle/Arctic Sun - The First Year of Operation (eBook)

Published Date

December 2008

Polar Eagle/Arctic Sun - The First Year of Operation (eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This paper describes the first year of operation of ships on possibly the harshest trade route (Alaska-Japan) (11pp)

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Phillips Petroleum Co. and Marathon Oil Co. introduced LNG to the Japanese market in 1969 when the POLAR ALASKA and ARCTIC TOKYO delivered their first cargoes to The Tokyo Electric Power Co. Ltd. and Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. from a newly constructed LNG plant in Kenai, Alaska. These 7 l,500m3 LNG ships were the first membrane tankers of the Gaz Transport design and during their 25 years in service delivered 53 million cubic meters of Alaskan LNG to the Negishi terminal of Tokyo Gas.

In 1988 the LNG buyers renewed their LNG supply contract with Phillips and Marathon. In the course of commercial negotiations it was agreed that the annual contract quantity (ACQ) would be increased and that new vessels with a higher delivery capacity would be constructed. The Alaska - Japan route has severe weather from September to March, comparable to that of the North Atlantic in winter. In addition to this, ice and extreme cold at the loading terminal in the Cook Inlet of Alaska demand special considerations in the design of ships trading there in winter. The new ships are required to maintain regular deliveries through probably the harshest LNG trading route currently operated in the world. After an intensive evaluation program, a contract was signed with IHI in July 1990 for the construction of two 87500 m3 LNG ships of SPB (Self supporting Prismatic type B tank) design. The POLAR EAGLE and ARCTIC SUN were subsequently delivered in July and December 1993 respectively and have delivered more than 2 million cubic meters of LNG to the customers at time of writing.

Paper Delivered by:
Bernard Foote (Marathon Oil Company, USA)
T. Fujiwara (Alaska Transportation Service Co., Japan)
Fred Adamchak (Marathon Oil Company, USA)

Prepared for:
Gastech Kuala Lumpur 1994

For over 45 years, the Gastech Exhibition & Conference has been at the forefront of the international gas and LNG market. This world-renowned event is regarded as the most significant meeting place for gas and LNG professionals, where the global industry gathers to do business.

Gastech hosts major IOCs, NOC’s, global utility companies, EPC contractors, shipbuilders, pipeline companies, manufacturers, distributors, technology and service providers, all who play an active role in the global energy value chain.

Title: Polar Eagle/Arctic Sun - The First Year of Operation (eBook)
Product Code: 4433G065
Published Date: December 2008

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