Safety and Health at Sea: A Practical Manual for Seafarers 2nd Edition

Published Date

October 2002

Safety and Health at Sea: A Practical Manual for Seafarers 2nd Edition

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

An important manual on safety and health for seafarers, highlighting the basic principles of the framework and helps seafarers to put them into practice.

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The safety and health of seafarers is protected by a framework of conventions and legislation: the IMO's International Safety Management Code, the ILO's Maritime Conventions, European Union Directives for Safety and Health at Work, and the legislation of maritime nations.



The Authors




1 The Manual

2 The Contents

3 The Background

4 Accidents - Causes and Solutions

5 What Level of Improvement is Possible?

Section 1 Your Shipboard Safety System

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Responsibilities

1.1.1 The Master

1.1.2 The Safety Supervisor

1.1.3 Safety Representatives

1.1.4 The Safety Committee

1.2 Structure

1.2.1 Safety Representatives

1.2.2 The Safety Committee

1.2.3 Plans and Instructions

1.2.4 Public Display of Safety Information

1.3 Procedures

1.3.1 Risk Assessment

1.3.2 Safety Inspections

1.3.3 Permit to Work Systems

1.3.4 Drills

1.3.5 Accident and ‘Near Miss’ Investigations

Section 2 Tools for Improving Safety

2.0 Introduction

2.1 Accidents: Causes and Prevention

2.1.1 People

2.1.2 Activities

2.1.3 Prevention

2.2 A Safety Supervisor’s Job Description

2.3 Checklists

2.3.1 Ship Departure

2.3.2 Daily Inspection

2.3.3 Galley

2.3.4 Engine Room

2.3.5 Machinery

2.3.6 Living Accommodation

2.4 Accident Prevention

2.4.1 Slips and Falls

2.4.2 Ship Handling

2.4.3 Cargo Holds and Tanks

2.4.4 Engine Room

2.4.5 General Maintenance

2.4.6 Storage

2.4.7 Drills

Section 3 Health on Board

3.0 Introduction

3.1 A fit and Healthy Crew?

3.2 Be Prepared

3.2.1 Medical Supplies and Equipment

3.2.2 Medical Training

3.2.3 Requesting Assistance from Shore Based Medical Personnel

3.3 General Health Protection on Board

3.3.1 Manual Handling

3.3.2 Personal Protective Equipment

3.3.3 Stress

3.4 Hygiene

3.4.1 Cleanliness

3.4.2 Food

3.5 Substances Hazardous to Health

3.5.1 Solvents and Other Harmful Chemicals

3.5.2 Asbestos

3.6 Infectious Diseases and Malaria

3.6.1 Introduction

3.6.2 Vaccination

3.6.3 Diseases for Which Vaccines are Available

3.6.4 Diseases for Which no Vaccines are Available

3.6.5 Malaria

Section 4 Safety and Health Training

4.0 Introduction

4.1 Principles

4.1.1 The Legal Framework

4.1.2 Purpose and Motivation

4.1.3 Identifying Training Needs

4.1.4 Helping People to Learn

4.1.5 Training Methods

4.2 How to Plan, Run, Assess and Follow Up a Training Session

4.2.1 Preparation

4.2.2 Delivering a Training Session

4.2.3 Assessment and Follow Up

4.3 Basic Safety Training on Board

4.3.1 Shipboard Familiarisation

4.3.2 Safety Supervisors and Safety Officers

4.3.3 Safety Representatives and the Safety Committee

4.3.4 Officers and Ratings

Section 5 Reviewing Safety and Health on Board

5.0 Introduction

5.1 Organisation of Safety and Health on Board

5.1.1 Introduction

5.1.2 Questionnaire

5.2 A Summary of Responses to the Safety and Health Questionnaire

Section 6 The Human Factor

6.0 Safety Culture

6.0.1 What is ‘safety culture’?

6.0.2 Practical questions for Managers and Officers

6.1 Understanding Accidents

6.1.1 Introduction

6.1.2 The Safety Iceberg

6.1.3 Accidents – the Basic Causes

6.2 Human Behaviour


Relevant IMO and ILO Regulations the Structure of the ism Code the ism Code – Preamble

1 General

1.1 Definitions

1.2 Objectives

2 Safety and Environmental Protection Policy

3 Company Responsibilities and Authority

4 Designated Person(s)

5 Master’s Responsibility and Authority

6 Resources and Personnel

7 Development of Plans for Shipboard Operations

8 Emergency Preparedness

9 Reports and Analysis of Non-conformities, Accidents and Hazardous Occurrences

10 Maintenance of the Ship and Equipment

11 Documentation

12 Company Verification, Review and Evaluation

13 Certification, Verification and Control

The Stcw Convention and its Relationship to the ism Code



STCW and the ISM Code

ILO Minimum Standards Convention No. 147

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6


Ilo Convention 178 Concerning the Inspection of Seafarers Working and Living Conditions (Excerpts)

Part I. Scope and definitions

Part II. Organization of inspection

Overview of the 4 Main eu Council Directives for Safety and Health at Work. These Apply to Ships Flying the Flag of eu ­Member States

The Main Framework Directive

Individual Directives

EU Standard for “Health and Safety Work in the Workplace” (eu Commission’s Article 118a)

Features of the EU Standard for Safety and Health at Work

Features of the EU Standard Related to Safety and Health Training

Arne Sagen (MNIF, ALCM, CNI) has a multidisciplinary experience from ship operation ranging from seafarer, shipping companies superintendent, engineering chief, chief research engineer, manager of the shipping research programme “Ship Operation of the Future”, and DNV principle surveyor.

He is authorized as ISO 9000 quality assessor, ISM Code lead auditor, appointed flag state inspector for Namibia and port state inspector for Egypt and Trinidad and Tobago and appointed auality assessor by IACS (International Association of Classification Societies, UK).

He has a US degree qualifying as an Industrial Hygienist.

He is author of several textbooks within areas of ship operation such as auxiliary powerplants, maritime satellite communication, computer supported ship operation, the ISM Code in practice ect.


Pat Mitchell began his career as a Production Engineer, working in manufacturing operations in marine engine building, mechanical and electronic engineering in Europe and North America. For the past thirty years he has been a consultant and writer specializing in management training and development.

Amongst his many publications, he has written guides for Videotel International Limited, who provide multi-media training programmes for the world-wide shipping industry. These include a comprehensive, CD-ROM based programme for training ships’ Safety Officers, guides to the management for Seafarers video series, and other video based programmes such as marine risk assessment and personal survival at sea SOLAS Chapter III.

Title: Safety and Health at Sea: A Practical Manual for Seafarers 2nd Edition
Number of Volumes: 1
Number of Pages: 156
Product Code: WS1738K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-233-3 (9781856092333), ISBN 10: 1-85609-233-X (185609233X)
Published Date: October 2002
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 298 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Book Spine: 10 mm
Weight: 0.60 kg

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