Ship Lay-up Guide

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Published Date

February 2019

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Ship Lay-up Guide

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This new publication is a comprehensive guide to best practice when placing a ship into lay-up and is an essential aid for ship owners/managers considering ship lay-up.


BIMCO members, please enter BIMCO as Promotional Code during checkout for 20% off


Fully illustrated, with numerous real-world examples, this guide explains why a ship is placed into lay-up and the types of lay-up (hot, warm, cold, and long-term), as well as providing the reader with information on appraisal, planning, procedures at the lay-up site and reactivation. The publication also contains a chapter detailing lay-up locations across the world. It covers all types of ships including cargo and passenger (cruise) ships.


The Ship Lay-up Guide is supplemented by a 100-page Record of Lay-Up, a practical workbook covering all stages of lay-up, including:


• planning and preparation

• passage to the lay-up location

• checklist for all operational stages of a layup

• during lay-up (including periodic maintenance and lay-up records)

• reactivation.





Section 1 Introduction

1 Introduction

1.1 Why Ships are Placed into Lay-up

1.2 Overview of the Types of Lay-up

1.3 Examples of Damage Incurred on Ships that have been Incorrectly Laid Up


Section 2 Lay-up Appraisal

2 Lay-up Appraisal

2.1 Initial Appraisal of a Lay-up Site

2.2 Established Lay-up Locations

2.3 Environmental Protection at the Lay-up Site

2.4 Lay-up Service Provider Appraisal

2.5 Lay-up Options

2.6 Risk Management of a Proposed Lay-up

2.7 Assignment of Lay-up Costs

2.8 Special Considerations

2.9 Summary of Lay-up Conditions

2.10 Notifications to be Made Before Placing a Ship in Lay-up


Section 3 Planning and Arrangements for the Lay-up

3 Planning and Arrangements for the Lay-up

3.1 Lay-up Plan

3.2 Office Preparations for Lay-up

3.3 Preparations by the Lay-up Service Provider

3.4 Lay-up Contract

3.5 Pre-arrival Checklist for the Ship Owner/Manager


Section 4 Preparations During the Passage to the Lay-up Location

4 Preparations During the Passage to the Lay-up Location

4.1 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – General

4.2 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Master

4.3 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Chief Engineer

4.4 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Chief Officer

4.5 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – 2nd Engineer

4.6 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Main Engines and Machinery

4.7 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Disposal Items


Section 5 Arrival at the Lay-up Site

5 Arrival at the Lay-up Site

Part A – Procedure and Moorings

5.1 Lay-up Process

5.2 Additional Considerations for Specific Ship Types

5.3 Independent Confirmation of Critical Items

5.4 Additional Considerations for Long Term Cold Lay-up

5.5 Ships Laid Up Using Two Anchors

5.6 Magnetic Twist Monitoring

5.7 Double Banking

5.8 Double Banked Alongside

5.9 Mooring Using Ships’ Anchors and High Hold Bollards Ashore


Part B – Checklists on Arrival at the Lay-up Site

5.10 Lay-up Preparation Checklist – Engine Room

5.11 Lay-up Preparation Checklist – Deck and Accommodation


Part C – Document Handover Checklist


Section 6 During Lay-up

6 During Lay-up

6.1 Roles and Responsibilities of Watchmen Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.2 Provision of Portable Generators Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.3 Provision of Additional Anodes Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.4 Bilge Monitoring and Alarm Management

6.5 During Lay-up – Regular Daily Checks

6.6 Monitoring of Laid Up Ships using IT

6.7 Condition Status for Long Term Cold Lay-up

6.8 Periodic Maintenance during Long Term Cold Lay-up

6.9 Lay-up Record

6.10 Enclosed Spaces during Lay-up

6.11 Condensation/Dehumidification

6.12 Fuels Remaining On Board

6.13 Underwater Blanks and Plugs for Long Term Lay-up

6.14 Blanks and Plugs Fitted to Hull Penetrations Below the Waterline

6.15 Pest Control

6.16 Stern Tube Lubricating Oil Samples

6.17 Assurance Visits by Superintendents during Lay-up


Section 7 Reactivation

7 Reactivation

7.1 Summary of the Reactivation Process

7.2 Hull Insurance Reactivation Warranty


7.3 Underwater Inspections and Cleaning

7.4 Supervision and Oversight during Reactivation

7.5 The Assessment and Mitigation of Risks during Reactivation

7.6 Preparation for Departure

7.7 Reactivation Process


Section 8 Details of Lay-up Locations


8 Details of Lay-up Locations

8.1 Ålesund, Norway

8.2 Bergen, Norway

8.3 Haugesund (Karmsund), Norway

8.4 Stavanger, Norway

8.5 Loch Striven, Scotland, UK

8.6 Falmouth (The River Fal), Cornwall, England, UK

8.7 Eleusis (Elefsis) and Piraeus, Greece

8.8 Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

8.9 Walvis Bay, Namibia

8.10 Cape Town, South Africa

8.11 Karimun, Indonesia

8.12 Batam, Indonesia

8.13 Labuan, Malaysia

8.14 Malalag Bay, Philippines

8.15 Bunawan Bay within Davao Gulf, Philippines

8.16 Pujada Bay Mayo Bay, Philippines



Appendix 1 BIMCO – LAYUPMAN (Standard Contract for the Laying up of Vessels)



Ref. 1 DNV Guidelines No. 22 on Ship Lay-up (March 2012) Superseded by Class Guideline DNVGL-CG-0290 (February 2016) Ref. 2 Lloyds Register ‘Lay-up Guide’ (November 2008)

This Guide is intended to provide general best practice, for ship owners/managers, on placing a ship into lay-up. It is not intended to be a lay-up plan as this should be developed by the ship owner/manager for each specific ship, taking into consideration the recommendations and requirements of all interested parties.


Where a ship is anchored or berthed alongside awaiting orders, with manning levels in compliance with the safe manning document and with all engines and machinery available for use, it is not regarded as being laid up and the ship’s status with Class, P&I or hull and machinery insurance is unchanged.

BIMCO is the world’s largest direct-membership organisation for shipowners, charterers, shipbrokers and agents. In total, around 59% of the world’s cargo fleet is a BIMCO member, measured by dead weight tonnes (DWT).

BIMCO is a ‘not for profit’ organisation with NGO status, headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark, and with offices in Athens, Shanghai and Singapore.

The organisation has around 1,900 member companies across 120 countries – including large and small shipowners, shippers, oil majors, brokers, local port agents, law firms, maritime security companies and national shipowner’s associations among others. The core of the BIMCO membership is around 800 shipowner members who combined control around 83% of containership tonnage, 59% of dry bulk tonnage and 51% of tanker tonnage (all measured by DWT).

BIMCO’s goals are to secure a level playing field for the global shipping industry and to deliver practical tools, advice and guidance to its members across the main shipping sectors. BIMCO therefore works to promote and secure global standards and regulations for the maritime sector.

The organisation’s century long effort into creating standard contracts and clauses is a strong expression of that aim. BIMCO is considered the world leader in developing standard contracts and clauses in shipping.

Title: Ship Lay-up Guide
Edition: First
Number of Pages: 302
Product Code: WS1662K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-805-2 (9781856098052), ISBN 10: 1-85609-805-2 (1856098052)
Published Date: February 2019
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 303 mm
Book Width: 216 mm
Book Spine: 27 mm
Weight: 1.35 kg

Customer Reviews

Valuable source of guidance and information Review by Jan L. Steffensen
The publication provides a practical, hands-on guidance on ship lay-up operation whilst preserving and protecting the value of the ship. There is a comprehensive overview with explicit and practical descriptions on how a ship’s layup should be pre-planned, planned, and safely executed, and to complete the circle how the ship should be reactivated.

The guide covers the basic generic information required by companies and staff dealing with ship lay-up and reactivation for the first time and includes detailed checklists. There is also an overview of lay-up locations and the BIMCO Layman (Standard Contract for the Laying up of Vessels). In addition there is a supplement entitled Record of Lay-up booklet, which covers all stages of a lay-up; hot, warm, cold or long-term in nature.

The publication serves as a valuable, all-round reference tool covering the full cycle of a lay-up operation.

As layups are not a general occurrence, there can be a lack of updated and in-depth knowledge of ship lay-up operations. So, it is recommended that companies have the Ship Layup Guide readily available to assist the relevant commercial, technical and operational staff in taking decisions related to a ship’s lay-up.

The publication is guiding owners and ship-managers towards applying a best practice step by step approach to lay-up planning and execution. (Posted on 12/08/2020)

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