Steel PreShipment Surveys: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition) (eBook)

Published Date

August 2019

Also available in other formats:

Steel PreShipment Surveys: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition) (eBook)

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This illustrated guide is designed to help surveyors and Masters ensure that shipping documents accurately describe the apparent order and condition of steel cargo when loaded. It recommends a set of 18 standard surface condition clauses and 16 mechanical damage clauses.

Be the first to review this product

This publication provides detailed guidance on the inspection of weather deck openings. The second edition has a revised layout and minor updates, but the core clauses remain the same. Imagery has been included to illustrate practical application of clauses. The book also includes checklists that show the extent of information to be provided in survey reports.

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 The need for pre-shipment surveys
1.2 Problems with implementation
1.3 The purpose of this guide


Chapter 2 Appointing a Surveyor
2.1 Allowing sufficient time
2.2 Give clear terms of reference


Chapter 3 Describing Surface Condition of Steel Cargo
3.1 Surface condition clauses
3.2 Examples of applying surface condition clauses


Chapter 4 Describing Mechanical Damage to Steel Cargo
4.1 Mechanical damage clauses
4.2 Examples of applying mechanical damage clauses


Chapter 5 Inspecting Weather Deck Openings
5.1 Allow time for proper repairs
5.2 Check all components of all openings
5.3 Carry out weathertightness tests

Most steel products rust and bend easily, particularly when carried at sea. Shipowners and operators – and ultimately their P&l insurers – are therefore usually first in the firing line when bent and rusty steel arrives at its destination.


As a result, shipowners, carriers, operators and P&l Clubs now regularly commission independent pre-shipment surveys of steel cargoes to ensure that bills of lading and/or mates’ receipts accurately describe the apparent order and condition of the cargo when it was taken on board the ship. As a further precaution against rust claims, surveyors are now asked to look at the weathertightness and ventilation of the holds in which steel cargo is carried.


The primary objective in producing this guide is to ensure correct and consistent usage of the P&I Club clauses, therefore enfranchising them with the status of an international standard method for describing steel cargoes.


Guidance is also provided on the conduct of weather deck opening surveys, which should form an integral part of every prudent pre-shipment survey. This includes details of the items that should be checked and a review of the advantages and disadvantages of the main types of weathertightness test.


Checklists are included in Appendices 1 and 2 to show the extent of information that should be provided in reports. This is as much to foster a consistent and professional approach among the international surveying community – which is increasingly exposed to negligence claims – as it is to eliminate misunderstandings between the world’s ports with regard to the clausing of shipping documents.

North P&I Club

North is a leading global marine insurer with over 160 years of history in the industry. Our purpose today remains as it was on our inception in 1860; to enable our Members to trade with confidence.

Over the years our service offering and our global office network has grown but our business has remained grounded where it all began; the North East of England. With a global service built around you and your business, expect a warm and friendly welcome whenever or wherever you deal with us, from people who genuinely care about your business.

Title: Steel PreShipment Surveys: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition) (eBook)
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 33
Product Code: WS1717EA
Published Date: August 2019
Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd

Bought this product? Why not review it?

If you have a question about this product, please contact us directly.

Windows eBooks:


To access the eBook, you need to install our free Windows eBook Reader.

The application can be downloaded from:


Standalone eBooks are supplied with 1 licence + 1 backup and are not transferable between platforms.


Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) and virtual environments are not supported.


The Windows eBook Reader works with Windows XP or later OS (but not Windows RT).

See more details.


Cloud (online) eBooks:


The Cloud (online) eBooks use Microsoft Silverlight browser plugin to deliver the best possible reading experience with the ability to work in offline mode.


It is an annual subscription service (i.e. each eBook is purchased for 1 year of use).

Online licences are not transferrable to Windows or iPad (or vice-versa).


Silverlight is compatible with the major web browsers used on Windows and Mac OS X operating systems.

However it is not supported on Linux, Android, Windows RT and iPad devices and therefore the Cloud eBooks use an HTML site in these instances.

The HTML site is more restricted than the Silverlight version.


See and more details.


Note for Mac Users:


Mac users can read Windows eBooks with Boot Camp or using virtual machines such as Parallels Desktop, Virtual Box, ...

Alternatively, Cloud (online) eBooks are accessible on Mac, including the Silverlight plugin with offline mode.


Note for Linux Users:


Linux users can read Windows eBooks using a virtual PC.

Alternatively, the HTML version of the Cloud (online) eBooks is accessible.


Note for Tablet Users:


Tablets owners can use the HTML version of the Cloud (online) eBooks.