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Published Date

January 2007

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Tanker Jetty Safety

(Excludes any applicable taxes)

This book, which has relevance for crude, petroleum, LNG, LPG and chemical tankers, is designed for use by shore and jetty staff to gain an understanding of ship operations. For ship’s staff, it also provides an understanding of the ship/shore interface and the nature of operations at a tanker jetty.

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This book provides detailed guidance covering every stage of a ship’s visit to a tanker jetty.

The range of jetty equipment is described in detail, supported by numerous illustrations. Different ship types and roles of the crew are also explained.

A separate chapter is dedicated to mooring operations, covering mooring lines and equipment, load distribution, mooring forces, mooring system management, onshore and offshore berthing, and the use of tugs.

Guidance is provided on preparation for ship arrival and the advance information that must be exchanged between ship and jetty operators.

The book identifies hazards and safety precautions relating to cargo operations, tank cleaning and crude oil washing (COW).

Other topics include survey and sampling procedures, port appraisal, emergency response and pollution prevention.

The book also includes a number of case studies analysing the causes of serious jetty incidents and the lessons to be learnt.

Chapter 1 Jetty Equipment 
1.1 Pipes and Valves 
1.2 Valves 
1.3 Pipe Isolation 
1.4 Ship's Manifolds 
1.5 Other Jetty Equipment 
1.6 Intrinsic Safety 
1.7 Hoses 
1.8 Means of Access 
1.9 Mooring 
1.10 Hard Arm Fluid Transfer Equipment 
1.11 The Design and Safety of Jetties and Sea Islands 

Chapter 2 Basic Ship Information 
2.2 Regulations affecting a modern tanker 
2.3 Crude and Product Tankers 
2.4 Chemical tankers 
2.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers 
2.6 Combination Carriers 
2.7 Staff Onboard Ship 
2.8 Ship Management 

Chapetr 3 Mooring 

3.1 Mooring Forces 
3.2 Factors Affecting Load Distribution 
3.3 Mooring Equipment 
3.4 Mooring System Management 
3.5 Tugs and the safety of Tankers 

Chapter 4 Ship Arrival 
4.1 Tanker Operations and Safety Guidance 
4.2 Pre Arrival Information 
4.3 Summary of safety precautions alongside berth for all tanker types 
4.4 Ship/Shore Safety Check Lists 
4.5 Pollution Prevention Check Lists 
4.6 Shore Preparation for Loading
4.7 Vapour Emission Control 
4.8 Disconnecting After Loading 
4.9 Preparation for Discharge of the Ship 
4.10 Ship/Ship Transfer Operations 
4.11 Tank Cleaning and Gas Freeing 
4.12 Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) 
4.13 Static Electricity 
4.14 Surge Pressures 
4.15 Inert Gas Systems 

Chapter 5 Cargo Surveys and Sampling 
5.1 Cargo Surveying Procedures 
5.2 Cargo Surveying Definitions 
5.3 Early Departure Procedure 

Chapter 6 Tank Cleaning
6.1 Timing Issues 
6.2 Tank Cleaning Locations 
6.3 Tank Cleaning Methods 
6.4 Precautions 

Chapter 7 Crude Oil Washing (COW) 
7.1 History of Crude Oil Washing 
7.2 Solvent Action 
7.3 Benefits of COW 
7.4 Typical Voyage 
7.5 COW Ship Types 
7.6 The Washing Operation 

Chapter 8 Fire Fighting Facilities
8.1 Water Resources 
8.2 Fire Fighting Foam and Foam Stocks 
8.3 Auxiliary Fire Fighting Equipment 
8.4 Dry Powder 
8.5 Training 

Chapter 9 Pollution Prevention
9.1 Information 
9.2 Shipboard Oil or Pollution Emergency Plans (SOPEP) 
9.3 Dealing with a Spill 

Chapter 10 Port Appraisal 
10.1 Information 
10.2 Regulations 
10.3 In Port Navigation 
10.4 Port Services 
10.5 Tugs 
10.6 Marine Terminal 
10.7 Tidal Information 
10.8 Weather Information 
10.9 Docking and Berthing 
10.10 Sea Berth Types 

Chapter 11 Terms and Definitions 

Chapter 12 
Case Studies 



This book is published in response to an increasing number of requests for a good operational view of tanker jetties, dealing with not only the management responsibilities but also with what actually happens at the ship/shore interface.

It has been written to be read through but can also be used for reference when a specific circumstance either arises or is expected.

From shore side, it is intended for use by many different levels of personnel, from the Harbour Master and Jetty Operator through to the Site Managers and Jetty staff. Study of this book will provide an understanding of the tanker types, their unique features and the different operational requirements and hazards of each.

For ship staff, it will provide a much needed understanding of the ship/shore interface, the division of responsibilities and the nature of the shore-side operations and concerns at the tanker jetty.

During the course of this book, reference has been made to specific publications that deal with the legislative aspects. You are encouraged to refer to and follow these references where appropriate.

Olaf Olsen has a Master Mariners certificate and draws on his career experience on tankers and dry cargo ships, together with considerable time in commercial ship management, in maritime education and in his work as an advisory consultant to several international maritime bodies.

Title: Tanker Jetty Safety
Number of Pages: 300
Product Code: 4357
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-327-9 (9781856093279), ISBN 10: 1-85609-327-1 (1856093271)
Published Date: January 2007
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 300 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Book Spine: 10 mm
Weight: 1.20 kg
Author: Olaf Olsen

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