The ECDIS Manual

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Published Date

March 2016

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The ECDIS Manual

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This reformatted edition of The ECDIS Manual (2012) has been written in conjunction with leading ECDIS experts and manufacturers to share best practice and ensure an efficient and safe transition to digital navigation for vessels, in accordance with IMO, IHO, Flag State, PSC, ISM, SMS and SIRE requirements.

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Understanding ECDIS and selecting the right ECDIS solution is vital for ensuring the safe and precise navigation of a vessel on track, and on time. The ECDIS Manual, written by ECDIS navigators for ECDIS navigators, draws on the knowledge of leading ECDIS experts and manufacturers, as well as classification societies and NGOs, to support a vessel’s transition to digital navigation in accordance with IMO, IHO, Flag State, PSC, ISM, SMS and SIRE requirements.


The book outlines the history and development of digital navigation, as well as providing detailed explanations of electronic charts and operating systems, supplemented by over 500 helpful screenshots and colour images to guide readers every step of the way. Also included is a CD-ROM containing an ENC Chart Symbol Guide and reference documents concerning ECDIS issued by the IMO and flag States.



ECDIS Abbreviations and Useful Info

IHO Standards

Photo Acknowledgements

1 History of the Electronic Chart

1.1 An International Agreement

1.1.1 Early Solutions to Comparing Radar and Charts

1.1.2 From Navigation Aids to Navigation Systems to Bridge Systems

1.1.3 Types of Electronic Position-Finding Equipment

1.1.4 Integrated Bridge Projects and Bridge Mechanisation

1.1.5 Inventing Electronic Charts: The First Generation

1.1.6 Creating Official International Standards

1.1.7 UKHO ARCS (Admiralty Raster Chart Service) – A Direct Descendent of Paper-Based Cartography

1.1.8 Why didn’t Marine Electronic Charts Follow the Aviation Model?

1.1.9 Third Generation Vector Charts 1995-2010

1.1.10 Commercial Electronic Charts for the Leisure Market 2005-2010

1.1.11 Fourth Generation Electronic Charts with Passage Planning Tools 2010

1.2 Third ECDIS Conference

2 Regulatory Bodies

2.1 The IHO/IHB

2.2 International Maritime Organization (IMO)

2.2.1 Resolutions

3 Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention

3.1 Implementation Plan

3.2 Timeline

4 Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Convention

4.1 Before 2012

4.2 2012 Onwards

5 International Safety Management (ISM) Code

5.1 Type-Specific Training

5.2 Safety Management System

6 Port State Control (PSC)

6.1 Paris MoU

6.2 Implications

7 Flag States

7.1 Training

7.2 Standards

7.3 Requirement

7.4 Flag State Guidance

8 Private Vessels

9 The Electronic Chart

9.1 Types of Electronic Chart Data

9.1.1 Hydrographic Office Approved Electronic Charts

9.1.2 Formats

9.1.3 Use of Data

9.1.4 Unofficial or Private Data

9.1.5 Official Data – Nautical Charts

9.2 Creation of Electronic Chart Data

9.2.1 Rendering

9.3 Datums

9.3.1 Horizontal Datum

9.3.2 Vertical Datum

9.4 Encryption and Permits/Licences

9.4.1 Encryption

9.4.2 Permits/Licences

9.5 Raster Charts

9.5.1 Definitions

9.5.2 Characteristics Pixilation and Scale Borders

9.5.3 Raster Navigational Charts (RNCs) – Official Government Raster Charts

9.5.4 Unofficial (Private) Raster Charts

9.6 Vector Charts

9.6.1 Definitions

9.6.2 Characteristics

9.6.3 Official Government Vector Charts – Electronic Navigational Charts (ENCs) IHO Standards System Electronic Navigational Chart (SENC) Presentation Independent Data Presentation Library Interrogation Scale

9.6.4 Display Settings

9.6.5 Construction

9.6.6 Distribution

9.6.7 Datums

9.6.8 Source Data

9.6.9 World Coverage

9.6.10 Digital Chart Catalogues

9.6.11 Unofficial (Private) Vector Charts Appearance Data Manipulation Data Concerns Naming and Coverage

9.7 Data Management

9.7.1 Responsibility

9.7.2 RCDS Management

9.7.3 ENC Data Authorities

10 The Operating System

10.1 International Regulations

10.1.1 SOLAS

10.1.2 IHO

10.2 ECDIS Performance Standards

10.2.1 Type Approval

10.2.2 MSC 232(82) ECDIS Performance Standards (extracts)

10.3 ECDIS Operation

10.3.1 System Control Turning On/Off Controls Menu Systems Side Panels Screen Displays System Units

10.3.2 Data Management Dual/Multi Fuel Installing and Updating Loading/Selecting Unloading/Removing

10.3.3 Data Display Symbols Colour Palettes Display Feature Sets Interrogation

10.3.4 Route Planning Port Locator Notes, Surveys and Datums Chartpoints Defining Safe Water Creating a Route Saving Work Route Scanning Adding Notes and Objects Alternative Route

10.3.5 Route Monitoring Safety/Chart Settings Position Monitoring Main Screen Look Ahead/Position Offset Split Screen

10.3.6 Positional Checking

10.3.7 Radar Information Overlay (RIO)

10.3.8 Fixing

10.3.9 Secondary Position Monitoring

10.3.10 Anti-grounding Cone

10.3.11 General Options

10.3.12 Alarms and Indications Definitions ENCs RNCs

10.4 Route Management

10.4.1 Pilotage

10.4.2 SAR/MOB

10.4.3 Voyage Recording/Playback

10.4.4 Electronic Logbooks

10.4.5 Sensors Calibration and Antenna Offsets GNSS Gyro Log Echo Sounders Radar AIS Tidal Information

10.4.6 Automatic Track Control

10.4.7 ECDIS Failure Backup System Blackout or Total Electrical Failure Reversion to Paper Charts

10.5 ECDIS Interpretation

10.5.1 Passage Planning Appraisal – Gathering the information Planning – Creation of the plan Execution – Interpretation Monitoring – Checking

10.5.2 Human/Machine Interface The Human Factor Alarm Management Situational Awareness

10.5.3 ECDIS Understanding Scale Source Environmental Effects Datums ECDIS and ECS Manufacturers

11 ECDIS Related Incidents

11.1 Case Studies

11.1.1 2001 ‘MV Choice’

11.1.2 2006 ‘Skagern’ and ‘Samskip Courier’

11.1.3 2006 ‘MV Thunder’

11.1.4 2006 ‘Octopus’ and ‘Harald’

11.1.5 2007 ‘Sea Express 1’ and ‘Alaska Rainbow’

11.1.6 2007 ‘Ursine’ and ‘Pride of Bruges’

11.1.7 2008 ‘Pride of Canterbury’

11.1.8 2008 ‘CFL Performer’

11.1.9 2009 ‘Antari’

11.1.10 2009 ‘Maersk Kendal’

11.2 US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

11.2.1 1995 ‘Royal Majesty’

11.2.2 2007 ‘Empress of the North’

11.2.3 2007 ‘Axel Spirit’

11.2.4 2007 ‘Cosco Busan’

11.3 ECDIS Incident Investigation Check Off List

12 Paperless Navigation in Practice – A Case Study

12.1 Considerations

12.2 General Operations

12.3 Why Paperless?

12.4 What to Consider/Preparation

12.5 Benefits

12.6 Weakness

12.7 Conclusion

Appendix 1 Presentation by Robert Ward, Director IHO, at the international ECDIS conference, 2009

Appendix 2 SOLAS V 1974 as amended MSC282(86)

Appendix 3 STCW Manila Amendment extracts

Appendix 4 IHO S-66, ECDIS Training

Title: The ECDIS Manual
Subtitle: Reformatted 1st Edition
Number of Pages: 358
Product Code: WS1502K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-507-5 (9781856095075), ISBN 10: 1-85609-507-X (185609507X)
Published Date: March 2016
Binding Format: Hardback
Book Height: 285 mm
Book Width: 170 mm
Book Spine: 30 mm
Weight: 1.40 kg

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