UK P&I Club Carefully to Carry Consolidated Edition 2018 (eBook)

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Published Date

September 2017

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UK P&I Club Carefully to Carry Consolidated Edition 2018 (eBook)

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This comprehensive publication, compiled by the UK P&I Club, details best practice for the carriage, loading and storage requirements of a wide range of cargoes. It also contains essential information on draught surveys and preparing cargo plans.

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This guide to the safe carriage, loading and storage of cargo covers the potential issues and dangers inherent in the transporting of bulk cargoes, from the characteristics and risks inherent in specific goods, hold preparation and hatch covers, to best practice when loading and unloading. Outlining and expanding on all major international cargo regulations and guidelines, it also includes detailed checklists, information on draught surveys and guides to preparing cargo plans. Cargoes covered include timber, gas, grain, steel and other metals, bulk goods and refrigerated goods.




Part 1 – Grain 

Chapter 1 Preparation, Survey and Load

Chapter 2 The Separation of Products in the Holds of Bulk Carriers

Chapter 3 Moisture Migration and Surface Ventilation

Chapter 4 Cargo Measurement

Chapter 5 The Carriage of Genetically Modified (GM) Crops

Chapter 6 Karnal Bunt


Part 2 – Ores and Minerals 

Chapter 7 Coal Cargoes

Chapter 8 Bitumen – Natural and Rock

Chapter 9 Mineral Ore Concentrates and other Materials that may Liquefy

Chapter 10 Sulphur Cargoes

Chapter 11 Direct Reduced Iron (DRI)


Part 3 – Steel and Other Metals 

Chapter 12 Carriage of Steel

Chapter 13 Scrap Metal


Part 4 – Timber and Forestry Products

Chapter 14 Timber Deck Cargoes

Chapter 15 Carriage of Forestry Products


Part 5 – Measurement Using Draught Surveys

Chapter 16 Draught Surveys


Part 6 – Bulk Cargoes – Liquid

Chapter 17 Bulk Oil Cargoes – Shortage and Contamination Claims

Chapter 18 Samples and Sampling in the Carriage of Liquid Bulk Cargoes

Chapter 19 Flashpoint Contaminations of Diesel Oil and Gas Oil

Chapter 20 Liquid Natural Oils, Fats and Fatty Products

Chapter 21 Biofuels: Marine Transport, Handling and Storage Issues


Part 7 – The Carriage of Gas

Chapter 22 Carriage of Liquefied Gases

Chapter 23 Liquefied Natural Gas


Part 8 – Packaged Cargoes, Including Bags, Drums and Flexitanks

Chapter 24 Refined (Crystal) Sugar

Chapter 25 Carriage of Potatoes

Chapter 26 Carriage of Cocoa

Chapter 27 Coffee

Chapter 28 Carriage of Bagged Rice

Chapter 29 Agricultural Products in Non-refrigerated Containers

Chapter 30 Calcium Hypochlorite

Chapter 31 Thiourea Dioxide

Chapter 32 Expandable Polymeric Beads

Chapter 33 Flexitanks


Part 9 – Refrigerated and Atmosphere Controlled Cargoes

Chapter 34 Refrigerated Container and Controlled Atmosphere Cargoes

Chapter 35 Carriage Instructions for Refrigerated Cargoes

Chapter 36 Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

Chapter 37 Table Grapes

Chapter 38 Frozen Fish

Chapter 39 Meat and Meat Products in Containers

Chapter 40 Pharmaceuticals in Temperature Controlled Containers


Part 10 – General Container Operations Including Waste Shipments

Chapter 41 Stuffing, Stacking and Lashing Containers.

Chapter 42 Container Top Safety

Chapter 43 Container Crime
Chapter 44 Waste Shipments in Freight Containers


Part 11 – Miscellaneous Cargoes

Chapter 45 Heavy-lift and Project Cargoes

Chapter 46 Agricultural Produce – Insect Infestation and Fumigation

Chapter 47 Fishmeal Cargoes – Self Heating and Fires

Chapter 48 Palletised Cargoes

Chapter 49 Radioactive Cargoes

Chapter 50 Radioactive Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6)


Part 12 – Cargo Planning and Securing (Including Hatch Covers)

Chapter 51 Preparing Cargo Plans – Structural Limitations

Chapter 52 Cargo Pre-loading Surveys

Chapter 53 Stowage of Breakbulk Cargo (General Cargo)

Chapter 54 Lashing and Securing Deck Cargoes

Chapter 55 Steel Hatch Covers





I wholeheartedly welcome UK P&I Club’s Carefully to Carry Consolidated Edition 2018. When it comes to initiatives aimed at ensuring the safety of mariners, as well as the integrity of cargo, the shipping industry is without doubt or reservation ready to embrace them – even more so when, as this publication does, practical and valuable guidance are offered.


Most importantly, this publication provides a comprehensive and up-to-date companion to the people most concerned and at the centre of our attention, the seafarers. By encouraging best practice around the handling and storage of potentially dangerous cargo, this book will hopefully assist in reducing the number of tragic injuries and accidents that unfortunately continue to occur. Crew members who familiarise themselves with this guide and its recommendations can significantly reduce the possibility of cargo incurring any damage, with all the resulting costs that this can bring.


I cannot overstate the importance of the safe carriage of cargoes for the shipping industry and of course as my Association’s top priority – see for example cargo liquefaction. While safety is the primary objective and loss prevention continues to be an ongoing concern for shipping, this book also touches upon a variety of issues, as vessels, cargoes and regulation become increasingly complex. In this context, the UK P&I Club has updated its Carefully to Carry publication to highlight the most current thinking in the industry.


Best practices, checklists, key points and considerations, and clear messages supported by photos and illustrations are some of the features of this manual that not only educate but also enhance the reader’s existing knowledge. For example, it supplements insightfully the IMSBC Code, the IGC Code, and the BLU Code, among others, as well as complementary practical publications that should be read in conjunction with it, such as the recent Carrying Solid Bulk Cargoes Safely booklet.


Carefully to Carry is of course not limited to dry bulk cargoes, but also covers liquid bulk cargoes, gases, packaged cargoes and a long list of other cargoes. In fact, it encapsulates the full range of potential issues around transporting bulk cargoes, from the characteristics and risks inherent in specific goods, hold preparation and hatch covers, to best practice when loading and unloading and the regulations that shippers must abide by.


I congratulate the UK P&I Club for publishing in cooperation with Witherby Publishing Group this valuable guide.


Dr Kostas G Gkonis

Secretary General of INTERCARGO

The UK P&I Club is one of the oldest P&I clubs in the world. It has endured for a century and a half with its continuing focus on mutuality. The UK Club has remained constant, weathering periods of profound economic and political change.

Providing a superior service to members at cost has always been the Club’s central purpose. Irrespective of the times, staying true to our specialist role has demanded rigorous financial control.

Our loss prevention department was one of the earliest in the P&I business, and it remains the most extensive, helping to reduce members’ exposure to claims. Other modern initiatives include the in-depth analysis of major claims, conducting on-board risk assessments and sharing training videos with seafarers and shore personnel on lessons learned, drawn from our database. Since the era of the mid-Victorian tramp steamer, The UK P&I Club has looked ahead with its members. The past has enabled us to help prepare the maritime world for future challenges.

For a safer tomorrow at sea, we are championing best industry practice and investing in innovation. The UK P&I Club will continue to focus on what it does best: protecting shipping globally, together.

Title: UK P&I Club Carefully to Carry Consolidated Edition 2018 (eBook)
Number of Pages: 612
Product Code: WS1549EA
Published Date: September 2017
Binding Format: Paperback
Author: UK P&I Club

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